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  • Alcamo

    Alcamo

    • Alcamo
      Comune
      Comune di Alcamo
      PanAlcamo1.jpg
      Coat of arms of Alcamo
      Coat of arms
      Alcamo is located in Italy
      Alcamo
      Alcamo
      Location of Alcamo in Italy
      Coordinates: 37°58′40″N 12°57′50″E / 37.97778°N 12.96389°E / 37.97778; 12.96389Coordinates: 37°58′40″N 12°57′50″E / 37.97778°N 12.96389°E / 37.97778; 12.96389
      Country Italy
      Region Sicily
      Province / Metropolitan city Trapani (TP)
      Government
       • Mayor Domenico Surdi
      Area
       • Total 130.79 km2 (50.50 sq mi)
      Elevation 256 m (840 ft)
      Population (31 December 2015)
       • Total 45,504
       • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
      Demonym(s) Alcamesi
      Time zone CET (UTC+1)
       • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
      Postal code 91011
      Dialing code 0924
      Patron saint Madonna of the Miracles
      Saint day 21 June
      Website Official website

      Alcamo (Sicilian: Àrcamu) is the fourth-largest town in the province of Trapani in Sicily, with a population of 45,307 inhabitants. It is situated on the borderline with the Metropolitan City of Palermo at a distance of about 50 kilometres both from Palermo and Trapani.

      Nowadays the town territory includes an area of 130.79 square kilometres and is the second municipality as for population density in the province of Trapani, after Erice.

      Alcamo is bounded by the Tyrrhenian Sea on the north, Balestrate and Partinico on the east, Camporeale on the south and Calatafimi-Segesta and Castellammare del Golfo on the west. Its most important hamlet is Alcamo Marina which is about 6 kilometres from the town centre. Together with other municipalities it takes part with the Associazione Città del Vino, the movement Patto dei Sindaci, Progetto Città dei Bambini, Rete dei Comuni Solidali and Patto Territoriale Golfo di Castellammare.

      Alcamo is situated in the middle of the Gulf of Castellammare, at 258 metres above the sea level and at the foot of Mount Bonifato, a calcareous complex 825 metres high. At the altitude of 500 metres (near the "Funtanazza") there is the Nature Reserve of Monte Bonifato.

      The territory of Alcamo includes also Alcamo Marina, used mainly as a summer resort.

      The climate is mild, with higher rainfall during winter than summer.

      The average annual temperature is 16.9 °C, with higher temperatures in August (24.8 °C) and lower temperatures in February (10.3 °C).

      The average annual rainfall is 558 mm. Rainfall is particularly scarcer in July (4 mm) and more abundant in December (83 mm).


      Climate data for Alcamo
      Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
      Average high °C (°F) 13.1
      (55.6)
      13.2
      (55.8)
      14.8
      (58.6)
      17.5
      (63.5)
      21.5
      (70.7)
      25.4
      (77.7)
      28.5
      (83.3)
      28.7
      (83.7)
      25.9
      (78.6)
      21.7
      (71.1)
      17.7
      (63.9)
      14.4
      (57.9)
      20.2
      (68.37)
      Daily mean °C (°F) 10.4
      (50.7)
      10.3
      (50.5)
      11.7
      (53.1)
      13.9
      (57)
      17.6
      (63.7)
      21.4
      (70.5)
      24.5
      (76.1)
      24.8
      (76.6)
      22.4
      (72.3)
      18.6
      (65.5)
      14.8
      (58.6)
      11.8
      (53.2)
      16.85
      (62.32)
      Average low °C (°F) 7.7
      (45.9)
      7.5
      (45.5)
      8.6
      (47.5)
      10.4
      (50.7)
      13.8
      (56.8)
      17.5
      (63.5)
      20.5
      (68.9)
      21.0
      (69.8)
      18.9
      (66)
      15.5
      (59.9)
      12.0
      (53.6)
      9.2
      (48.6)
      13.55
      (56.39)
      Average precipitation mm (inches) 72
      (2.83)
      60
      (2.36)
      52
      (2.05)
      48
      (1.89)
      21
      (0.83)
      9
      (0.35)
      4
      (0.16)
      14
      (0.55)
      37
      (1.46)
      78
      (3.07)
      80
      (3.15)
      83
      (3.27)
      558
      (21.97)
      Source: Climate-Data.org

      • Seismic classification: zone 2 (medium-high seismicity), Ordinance PCM 3274 (20 March 2003)
      • Climatic classification: zone B, 1140 degree day
      • Köppen climatic classification: CSa
      • Atmospheric diffusivity: low, Ibimet CNR 2002
      • Porta Palermo (afterwards called Porta Saccari), at the end of the present via Rossotti;
      • Porta Corleone, at the end of the present via Commendatore Navarra;
      • Porta di Gesù, opposite the church of Saint Mary of Jesus, next to the Franciscan friary;
      • Porta Trapani (later called Porta del Collegio), at the beginning of via Commendatore Navarra.
      • San Giacomo de la Spada
      • San Calogero
      • San Francesco d'Assisi (or "Terra nuova")
      • Maggiore Chiesa.
      • new Porta Trapani, near the beginning of the present Corso VI Aprile (that was called "Corso Imperiale");
      • new Porta Palermo (initially called Porta San Francesco), at the end of today's Corso VI Aprile;
      • Porta Stella, at the corner between Via Stella and Piazza Ciullo; this name derives from the name of the church Mary of the Star (in Italian "Madonna della Stella"), near there;
      • Porta Nuova, between the present Discesa al Santuario and Piazza della Libertà.
      • Casa di Ciullo d'Alcamo (piazzetta Leopardi n°3, near the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi (Alcamo)
      • Casa De Ballis (in Via Mariano de Ballis): built in the 16th century, with a square tower with battlements, adorned with a round arch that contains two windows, a double lancet and one triple lancet; it was probably designed in 1490 by Tommaso and Pietro Oddo
      • Ex Loggia Comunale (1500): built after the design of the architect Domenico Vitale, it has a base made with travertine and the upper part in calcarenite. It was used as a loggia from 1525 to 1767; It is located at the corner between Corso 6 Aprile and via Barone di San Giuseppe.
      • Palazzo Aversa (in via Porta Stella n°48): it has balconies in carved stone and the coat of arms, with a red lion looking at a red comet.
      • Palazzo D'Angelo (between corso 6 Aprile and via Fratelli sant'Anna), built in 1768
      • Palazzo D'Angelo (Piazza Ciullo n°12): of XIX century
      • Palazzo De Stefani (via Commendatore Navarra, opposite Badia Nuova): in Liberty style, was built in the 19th century
      • Palazzo Diana (or Termine): it is located at the corner between via Ignazio de Blasi and Corso 6 Aprile; there are two small columns at the corner, one double lancet window in via De Blasi, with the Diana's coat of arms and a cornice similar to Gothic style above the door
      • Palazzo Di Gregorio (in via Dante): built in about the 17th century;
      • Palazzo Ferrando-Mistretta (between via Diaz and via Sant'Oliva)
      • Palazzo Ferrara (at the corner of via Francesco Crispi and via Ruggero Settimo): in classical style, built in 1909;
      • Palazzo Fraccia (in via 11 Febbraio): in Baroque style, built in 1700 by the baron Agostino Fraccia;
      • Palazzo Guarrasi (via 15 Maggio n°15): built in the early 18th century
      • Palazzo Mistretta Galati, earlier palazzo Fraccia (between Piazza Bagolino and corso 6 Aprile): in Liberty style
      • Palazzo Morfino (via Giuseppe Fazio n°17) built in the 18th century
      • Palazzo Palmerini: at the corner of via Madonna dell'Alto and via Buonarroti
      • Palazzo Pastore (in Corso 6 Aprile, near Piazza Ciullo): in neoclassic style, built at the end of the 18th century; Some elements of the façade are similar to those of Basilica and Palazzo Di Gregorio in via Dante.
      • Palazzo Patti (Piazza Ciullo n°24): built in the 18th century;
      • Palazzo Peria (corso 6 Aprile n°102, opposite Centro Congressi Marconi): built in 1700, it has two floors, restored with the system Livigny; in 1806 it was the seat of the municipality
      • Palazzo Pia Opera Pastore, designed by the architect Giovan Battista Palazzotto in 1872;
      • Palazzo Polizzi (between corso 6 Aprile and Via Don Rizzo)
      • Palazzo Quattrocchi (built in the 18th century), in via 15 Maggio n°47
      • Palazzo Rocca (in Corso 6 Aprile): built in 1629. It is one of the most remarkable buildings; inside it there is a beautiful garden.
      • Palazzo Rossotti-Chiarelli (in via Rossotti): in baroque style, built in the 18th century; it has an artistic main door and some magnificent balconies with iron railings
      • Palazzo Speciale (in corso 6 Aprile n°51, at the corner with via Mariano de Ballis): built at the end of the 18th centuries; its balconies have wrought iron railings.
      • Palazzo Triolo (between Corso 6 Aprile and via Fratelli Sant'Anna): built at the end of the 18th century, it belonged to the barons of Sant'Anna
      • Palazzo Velez (in Via Buonarroti, behind the Basilica of Our Lady of the Assumption): built between 1600 and 1700, it has a beautiful internal garden.
      • Palazzo Virgilio (between Corso 6 Aprile and via Stefano Polizzi): built at the end of the 18th century
      • The Town Hall (in Piazza Ciullo): in Neoclassic style, built in 1843;
      • Villa Luisa (between via Madonna Alto Mare, via Rossotti and via Federico II): built in 1903 in Liberty style with a Moorish trend, after a project of the architect Francesco Naselli.
      • The Church of our Lady of the Star (Chiesa di Santa Maria della Stella) which is abandoned now, was the first Mother Church of Alcamo since 1313. It was located in the old district of San Vito and inside it there was the painting of Our Lady of Honey (Madonna del Miele) dated 1300 and later moved into the Saints Paul and Bartholomew's Church: they believe this painting is the oldest one in Alcamo.
      • Ex Church of Saint James of the Sword (Ex Chiesa di San Giacomo de Spada): built before 1529, it was enlarged between 1625–1636.
      • Church of Saint Thomas (Chiesa di San Tommaso): the date of its construction is uncertain, probably the first half of the 15th century. It is faced by a great portal with geometrical decorations.
      • Church of Saint Mary of Jesus (Chiesa di Santa Maria di Gesù): built in the 15th century and enlarged in 1762. It holds the body of the Blessed Arcangelo Placenza from Calatafimi.
      • ex Church of saint Maria del Soccorso (Ex Church of Our Lady of Rescue): built in the 15th century.
      • Church of saint Vito (Chiesa di San Vito): it gave the name to the ancient district of San Vito and to the street where it is located. It was already existing in 1492 and, according to Ignazio de Blasi (a historian from Alcamo), it was founded by a member of the Confraternity of the Annunciation, together with a hospital for poor people next to it. It was restored in 1922 and some decades ago; there is nothing old in it and today is used by Eastern Orthodox Church Christians for their rites.
      • Church of the Holy Ghost: quoted in a deed dated 1491, as it is affirmed by the historian Ignazio De Blasi. It is located next to the first cemetery, on the North side.
      • Basilica of Our Lady of the Assumption was realized during the 14th century and rebuilt in 1669; the present façade was realized in 1786; the portal and the bell tower are the only remains from the original church of the 14th century. It is located in the centre of the town, near piazza Ciullo. The interior is tripartite and contains frescoes by Guglielmo Borremans. In the apse and side chapels there are works by Antonello Gagini, called "Madonna with the Saints Philip and James", the "Crucifix" and the "Transit of the Virgin". There are also other works made by his apprentices. In a chapel there is also "The Holy Thorn". In 2010 the Sacred Art Museum was opened: it contains many works from other churches. On the right, in the first chapel, there is also a modern architectural work dedicated to Don Rizzo (founder of the homonymous bank), designed by the architect Paolo Portoghesi.
      • Church of Saint Francis from Assisi (Chiesa di San Francesco d'Assisi): built between the years 1224–1226, demolished and rebuilt between 1608–1648. Inside it there are a marble ancon, probably by Domenico Gagini, and two sculptures reproducing the Maddalena and Saint Mark, both ascribed to Antonello Gagini.
      • Church of Saints Paul and Bartholomew (Chiesa dei Santissimi Paolo e Bartolomeo) built between 1615 and 1689, has got characteristic baroque features and holds a very ancient and valuable picture, the Madonna del Miele (made about the year 1300).
      • Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie (Church of Our Lady of Graces)  : built in 1619 and enlarged between 1626 and 1636
      • Church of Saint Anne (Chiesa di Sant'Anna (1630–1634))
      • Ex Church of Saint Peter (Ex Chiesa di San Pietro): Via Barone di san Giuseppe,19.It was built in 1367 and reconstructed in the years 1645–1649, then enlarged in 1742 after the design of Giovanni Biagio Amico, an architect. The artistic portal(1649) is on the main door.); the roof fell down because of the 1968 Belice earthquake.
      • Church of the saint Guardian Angel or Sheltered People (Chiesa del S.Angelo Custode or Chiesa delle Riparate, 1647)
      • Church of the Holy Family, built in the XVI century; in Piazza Ciullo
      • ex Collegio dei Gesuiti (Ex Collegio dei Gesuiti): built in the 17th century, in the 18th century they added an arcade.
      • Church of the College of Jesuits or Church of Jesus (Chiesa del Collegio dei Gesuiti or Chiesa del Gesù): built between 1684–1767.
      • Church of Our Lady with a Chain (Chiesa Maria della Catena): Built in 1661 it hosts a portrait of Our Lady with a Chain, ascribed to Giuseppe Renda (18th century).
      • Ex Church of Saint Catherine of Monte di Pietà (Ex Chiesa di Santa Caterina del Monte di Pietà): in corso 6 Aprile, at the corner of Via Barone di San Giuseppe. Its façade, with a simple portal, was made in 1608 and the painting of Saint Catherine of Alexandria (1621), realized by Giuseppe Carrera or Giacomo Lo Verde, is now kept at the Sacred Art Museum.
      • The Castle of the Counts of Modica (or "Castle of Alcamo"): probably built in the 14th or 15th century by the Peralta family and then completed by the feudatories Enrico and Federico Chiaromonte. In 1535 the emperor Charles V lodged there. It was a possession of the Cabreras and then of the Counts of Modica, until 1812. Later, during the Reign of Italy and until 1960, it was used as a prison. It has a rhomboidal shape, with four towers: two quadrangular at the corners and the other two are connected by curtains and are cylindrical. In each tower there were a torture room for prisoners, rooms for sentinels and for passing guest sovereigns. One of the particular characteristics of the castle is given by the thick walls which bound it and that in old times defended it from the enemies' attacks extremely well.
      • Castle of Ventimiglia: situated on the top of Mount Bonifato. It is a medieval castle and today there are only some parts of the walls, the primary tower and the dungeons. It took the name from Enrico Ventimiglia, who declared he had built it just for defence, though according to some interpretations, it would date back to a previous period.
      • The Calatubo Castle, outside the town but inside its territory and on the road leading to Palermo, is a fortress built in the early Middle Ages. The homonymous village of Calatubo stood nearby and its commerce was based on the exportation of cereals and millstones. In the same place there is an old necropolis dating back to the 6th century BC.
      • The watchtower located in the town centre, in Corso 6 Aprile, next to the chiesa della Madonna del Soccorso (Church of Holy Mary's Aid), opposite the Mother Church. Its construction dates back to 980 A.D. and is the oldest architectural work existing in Alcamo, in perfect preservation conditions. Later the tower was bought by the diocese (1400) and used as a bell tower for the near Mother Church which, at the time, didn't have one. They put then two bells on its top, the remaining one is on the west, while the smaller one on the north side was dismounted at about 1950 for safety reasons. Inside the building you can see a stone winding staircase with 84 steps, 50 of them are original ones.
      • 19 March: celebration in honour of Saint Joseph (novena and procession)
      • Good Friday: procession of the Dead Jesus and Our Lady of Sorrow.
      • First Sunday after Easter: Feast of Jesus Christ the Redeemer (cultural and religious event).
      • Second Sunday after Easter: celebration in honour of Saint Francis of Paola (cultural and religious event).
      • Third Sunday after Easter: Feast of Patrocinio in honour of the Holy Family (procession and lunch with the Holy Family).
      • 1 May: celebration in honour of Saint Joseph the Worker (novena and procession)
      • 13 June: celebration in honour of Saint Anthony of Padua (novena and procession)
      • 19–21 June: Celebration in honour of Maria Santissima dei Miracoli (Saint Mary of Miracles, the patron saint of Alcamo): cultural and religious events. During the feast there are a solemn procession of the Madonna's simulacrum, fireworks from the "bastione" in Piazza Bagolino and the descent of civil and political authorities to the Sanctuary of Madonna of Miracles. In the past (until 8–10 years ago) there were horse races along Corso 6 Aprile; the last two times they took place in Viale Italia.
      • End of July: Saint Anne's feast with novena, procession and cultural-recreational activities.
      • 8 September (Nativity of Mary): celebrations at the Sanctuary of Most Holy Mary of the Height (Madonna dell'Alto) on the top of Mount Bonifato with dialect poems recitation and procession.
      • 7–8 December: celebration in honour of Immacolata Concezione (the Immaculate Conception): novena, pastoral melodies and procession.
      • Alcamo Christmas (concerts, outdoor performances, preparation of traditional Christmas cribs and pipers' passing).
      • July–August: Alcamo Estate ("sagras" or festivals, "Calici di Stelle", "Blues Festival", "Festival di Nuove Impressioni")
      • Second half of August: "Alcart – legalità e cultura" (Legality and Culture) a series of events (exhibitions,seminars, music,theatre etc.).
      • Second or third week-end of December: Cortiamo – International Contest of short films organized since 2006 by "Segni Nuovi" (a club of cinematographic culture within the Church of the Saints Paul and Bartholomew).
      • 2–6 January: International Costa Gaia Trophy (youth soccer tournament).
      • Handmade maccheroni
      • Pasta with "finocchi and sarde" (wild small fennels and sardines)
      • Sausages with "cavuliceddi" (a typical Alcamo vegetable)
      • Dried filled tomatoes
      • Cuddureddi (Christmas handmade fig sweets)
      • Tetù (mixed and coloured biscuits)
      • Sciù (cream sweets)
      • Muffulette (fresh cooked roll bread with ricotta or other fillings)
      • SR 2 Parti Piccolo-Quaranta Salme-Croce di Fratacchia;
      • SR 3 Alcamo-Giardinaccio-Rocche Cadute-San Nicola;
      • SR 5 Bivio Quaranta Salme-Bivio Sant'Anna;
      • SR 6 of Calatubo;
      • SR 8 Amburgio-Morfino-Rincione-Coda di Volpe.
      • SB 21 Bisurdo-Stracciabisacce;
      • SB 22 Case di Piraino;
      • SB 23 Maruggi-Montelongo.
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1972). Profilo storico di Alcamo e sue opere d'arte dalle origini al secolo XV (in Italian). Edizioni Accademia di Studi "Cielo d'Alcamo". 
      • Mirabella, Francesco M. (1876). Cenni degli alcamesi rinomati in scienze, lettere, arti, armi e santità. Alcamo: Surdi. 
      • Le guide oro – Sicilia. Firenze: Casa editrice Bonechi. 1992. 
      • Calia, Roberto; Craparo, Enzo; Baldassano Cataldo, Erina (1991). La Bella Alcamo. Alcamo: Edizioni Blu Imaging & Adv. 
      • Chiarelli, Andrea; Cocchiara, Dario (2005). Alcamo nel XX secolo , Volume I: 1900–1943 (in Italian). Campo Edizioni. 
      • Chiarelli, Andrea; Cocchiara, Dario (2009). Alcamo nel XX secolo , Volume II: 1944–1999 (in Italian). Campo Edizioni. 
      • Orlandi, Cesare (1770). Delle location d'Italia e sue isole adjacenti compendiose notizie (in Italian). 
      • San Martino De Spucches, Francesco; Gregorio, Mario (2013). La storia dei feudi e di titoli nobiliari della Sicilia dalla loro origini ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Lulu.com. ISBN . 
      • Gruppo Archeologico Drepanon (2014). Bonifato – La montagna ritrovata (in Italian). Trapani: Il Sole editrice. ISBN . 
      • Bembina, G. B.; Mirabella, Francesco Maria; Pietro Maria, Rocca (1956). Alcamo sacra (in Italian). Alcamo: Tipografia Cartografica. 
      • Malanima, Paolo (2009). Pre-Modern European Economy: One Thousand Years (10th–19th Centuries). BRILL. ISBN . 
      • Marsala, M. T. (1980). Atlante di Storia Urbanistica Siciliana "Alcamo". Palermo: Flaccovio S.F. 
      • Mirabella, Gaspare (1981). Alcamo quello che resta... Alcamo: Sarograf. 
      • Mirabella, Francesco Maria (1980). Alcamensia noterelle storiche con appendici di documenti inediti. Alcamo: Sarograf. 
      • Calia, Roberto (1991). Una città da scoprire: Alcamo. Alcamo: Edizioni Blu Imaging & ADV. 
      • Calia, Roberto (1992). Lo Stemma della Città di Alcamo (attraverso i secoli). Alcamo: Sarograf. 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1975). Storia società e cultura dal cinque al settecento. Alcamo: Edizioni Accademia di studi "Cielo D'Alcamo". 
      • Calia, Roberto (1997). I palazzi dell'aristocrazia e della borghesia alcamese. Alcamo: Carrubba. 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1977). Ottocento alcamese storia e arte. Alcamo: Edizioni Accademia di studi "Cielo D'Alcamo". 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1956). Brevi note su Alcamo del 1700. Alcamo: Edizioni Accademia di studi "Cielo D'Alcamo". 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1992). Alcamo una città della Sicilia. Palermo: Aracne. 
      • Mirabella, Francesco Maria (1919). Sull'origine della città di Alcamo. Acireale: Popolare. 
      • Di Giovanni, V. (1876). Notizie storiche della città di Alcamo. Palermo: Amenta M. 
      • Rocca, Pietro Maria (1894). Delle muraglie e porte della città di Alcamo. Palermo: Lo Statuto. 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1982). Bonifato Terra Sicana Elima da Lungaro a Longarico. Alcamo: Cartograf. 
      • Di Graziano, A. A. (1981). Note e documenti per la storia di Alcamo nei secoli XIII e XIV. Roma: Centro Ricerca. 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1986). Alcamo, paesaggio urbano e rurale. Alcamo: Edizioni Leopardi. 
      • Bembina, G. B. (1979). Storia ragionata della città di Alcamo. Alcamo: Editrice Zulemia. 
      • De Blasi, Ignazio (1880). Della opulenta città di Alcamo. Discorso storico. Alcamo. 
      • Trasselli, C. (1971). Alcamo un comune feudale del trecento. Trapani: Corrao G. 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (1979). Alcamo dalla prima guerra mondiale ai giorni nostri. Alcamo: Edizioni di Studi "Cielo D'Alcamo". 
      • Mirabella, Francesco Maria; Rocca, Pietro Maria (1884). Guida artistica della città di Alcamo. Alcamo: Bagolino. 
      • Polizzi, G. (1879). I monumenti di antichità e d'arte della provincia di Trapani. Trapani. 
      • Maniaci, G.; Di Bernardo, R. (1974). Espansione e problema ecologico nel comprensorio di Alcamo. Alcamo: Damiano Campo. 
      • Città di Alcamo – Assessorato al Turismo (2002). Alcamo – un itinerario guidato per una città tutta da scoprire... 
      • Cataldo, Carlo (2001). La conchiglia di S. Giacomo. Alcamo: Edizioni Campo. 
      • Cataldo, Carlo (1982). Guida storico-artistica dei beni culturali di Alcamo, Calatafimi, Castellammare del golfo, Salemi, Vita. Alcamo: Sarograf. 
      • Regina, Vincenzo (2002). Cavalieri ospedalieri e pellegrini per le antiche vie della provincia di Trapani. 
      • Longo, Ignazio (2013). Terra Alcami. Imago Urbis. Rappresentazioni iconografiche e cartografiche antiche. Rome: Aracne editrice. ISBN . 
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