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  • Agreste

    Agreste

    • Agreste
      Pedra do Cordeiro in the Agreste
      Pedra do Cordeiro in the Agreste
      The Subregions of Northeast Brazil1 • Meio-norte, 2 • Sertão, 3 • Agreste, 4 • Zona da Mata
      The Subregions of Northeast Brazil
      1 Meio-norte, 2 Sertão, 3 Agreste, 4 Zona da Mata
      Country Brazil
      Campina Grande
      Climate chart ()
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      The agreste (Portuguese pronunciation: [aˈɡɾɛʃti]) is a narrow zone of Brazil in the states of Rio Grande do Norte Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia between the coastal forest zona da mata and the semiarid sertão. The agreste fades out after it reaches Rio Grande do Norte due to the break of the mountain-chain that blocks air currents from the Atlantic ocean. This barrier is what induces high rainfalls in the coastal Atlantic forest zone.

      Most of the agreste is hilly, its hills becoming higher at south, except near the narrow valley of São Francisco River. This land is mostly used for mixed farming, prevailing fruits, of which melons have especial importance. Like the sertão, the agreste is frequently affected by drought, though generally with less severe effects.

      The climate is hot and sub-humid, with rainfall in the area's principal city of Campina Grande averaging about 700 millimetres per year - ranging from less than 10 millimetres in October and November to about 120 millimetres in May and June.

      Nonfiction

      Fiction



      • Michael H. Glantz; Currents of Change : El Niño's Impact on Climate and Society; published 1996 by Cambridge University Press.
      • Michael H. Glantz (editor); Drought Follows The Plow: Cultivating Marginal Areas; published 1994 by Cambridge University Press.
      • Fagan, Brian; Floods, Famines, and Emperors: El Niño and the Fate of Civilizations; published 2000 by Basic Books.
      • Nicholas G. Arons; Waiting for Rain: The Politics and Poetry of Drought in Northeast Brazil; published 2004 by University of Arizona Press.
      • Euclides da Cunha, Rebellion in the Backlands
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