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World War II US Navy dazzle camouflage measures 31, 32 and 33: battleships


Dazzle camouflage of warships was adopted by the U.S. Navy during World War II, following research at the Naval Research Laboratory. Dazzle consists in painting obtrusive patterns on vertical surfaces. Unlike some other forms of camouflage, dazzle works not by offering concealment but by making it difficult to estimate a target's identity, range, speed and heading. Each ship's dazzle pattern was unique to make it more difficult for the enemy to recognize different classes of ships. The result was that a profusion of dazzle schemes were tried, and the evidence for their success was at best mixed.

Dazzle camouflage patterns used on battleships are presented here.


Typical color combinations
MS-31 MS-31a MS-32 MS-33 MS-33a Horizontals
Haze Gray 5-H Haze Gray 5-H Light Gray 5-L Light Gray 5-L Pale Gray 5-P Pale Gray 5-P Light Gray 5-L Ocean Gray 5-O
Ocean Gray 5-O Ocean Gray 5-O Dull Black 82 Ocean Gray 5-O Haze Gray 5-H Haze Gray 5-H Ocean Gray 5-O Deck Blue 20-B
Dull Black 82 Navy Blue 5-N Dull Black 82 Navy Blue 5-N Ocean Gray 5-O
Battleship designs
Name Description Pattern sheet Photo Known examples
MS-31 For Colorado-class battleships USS Maryland (BB-46), port side camo.jpg USS Maryland (BB-46), starboard side.jpg Maryland
MS-32/1B For Iowa-class battleships USS Iowa (BB-61), 1944.jpg Iowa
MS-31a/6B For USS Nevada (BB-36) Pattern sheet, MS-31a 6B for Nevada.jpg USS Nevada (BB-36) underway c1944.jpg Nevada
MS-31a/7B For USS Arkansas (BB-33) Pattern sheet, MS-31a 7B for USS Arkansas.jpg USS Arkansas - 19-N-74310.jpg Arkansas
MS-31a/8B For New York-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-31a 8B for New York (BB-34) class battleships.jpg New York New York, Texas
Adapted designs
MS-32/7A
(aircraft carrier)
Adapted to Iowa-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-32 7A for Iowa class.jpg Not used
MS-32/1D
(destroyer)
Adapted to Tennessee-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-32 1D for Tennessee class.jpg USS Tennessee (BB-43).jpg Tennessee
Adapted to USS Massachusetts (BB-59) Pattern sheet, MS-32 1D for USS Massachusetts.jpg Not used
MS-32/3D
(destroyer)
Adapted to USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) Pattern sheet, MS-32 3D for Pennsylvania.jpg Not used
Adapted to New Mexico-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-32 3D for New Mexico class.jpg Not used
Adapted to Colorado-class battleships USS Colorado (BB-45), 1944.jpg Colorado
MS-32/6D
(destroyer)
Adapted to New Mexico-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-32 6D for New Mexico class.jpg New Mexico New Mexico, Mississippi
MS-32/7D
(destroyer)
Adapted to USS West Virginia (BB-48) Pattern sheet for USS West Virginia (BB-48).jpg USS West Virgina post-reconstruction, July 1944.jpg West Virginia
MS-32v6/10D
(destroyer)
Adapted to North Carolina-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-32 10D for North Carolina class.jpg Not used
MS-32/11D
(destroyer)
Adapted to South Dakota-class battleships USS Indiana (BB-58) underway in January 1944.jpg Indiana
MS-32/16D
(destroyer)
Adapted to Tennessee-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-32 16D for Tennessee class.jpg USS California (BB-44), January 1944.jpg California
MS-32v11/18D
(destroyer)
Adapted to North Carolina-class battleships USS North Carolina (BB-55).jpg North Carolina
MS-32/22D
(destroyer)
Adapted to Iowa-class battleships Pattern sheet, MS-32 22D for Iowa class.jpg USS Missouri (BB-63) underway in August 1944.jpg Missouri

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Wikipedia

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