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West Bengal

West Bengal
পশ্চিমবঙ্গ
State
Official seal of West Bengal
Seal
Location of West Bengal in India
Location of West Bengal in India
Country India
Established 26 January 1950
Capital Kolkata
Largest city /
Largest metro
Kolkata
Districts 20
Government
 • Body Government of West Bengal
 • Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi
 • Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee (TMC)
 • Legislature West Bengal Legislative Assembly (295 seats)
 • High Court Calcutta High Court
Area
 • Total 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
Area rank 14th
Population (2011)
 • Total 91,347,736
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
HDI Increase 0.509 (medium)
HDI rank 9th (2011)
Literacy 77.08%
Official language Bengali and English
Website wb.gov.in
^* 294 elected, 1 nominated

West Bengal (/wɛst bɛŋˈɡɔːl/; Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Pôshcimbônggô, /pɔʃtʃimbɔŋɡɔ/) is an Indian state, located in East India on the Bay of Bengal. It is India's fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants. It has a total area of 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2), making it similar in size to Serbia. A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region, it borders Bangladesh in the east and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also has borders with five Indian states, including Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam.

The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the third-largest city in India. The geography of West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in its extreme north, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region and the coastal Sundarbans. The main ethnic group are the Bengali people, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.


Serial Rank District Population Growth rate Sex ratio Literacy Density per square Kilometer
1 2 North 24 Parganas 10,082,852 12.86 949 84.95 2463
2 6 South 24 Parganas 8,153,176 18.05 949 78.57 819
3 7 Bardhaman 7,723,663 12.01 943 77.15 1100
4 9 Murshidabad 7,102,430 21.07 957 67.53 1334
5 14 West Midnapore 5,943,300 14.44 960 79.04 636
6 16 Hooghly 5,520,389 9.49 958 82.55 1753
7 18 Nadia 5,168,488 12.24 947 75.58 1316
8 20 East Midnapore 5,094,238 15.32 936 87.66 1076
9 23 Howrah 4,841,638 13.31 935 83.85 3300
10 35 Kolkata 4,486,679 −1.88 899 87.14 24252
11 58 Maldah 3,997,970 21.50 939 62.71 1071
12 66 Jalpaiguri 2,172,846 13.77 954 73.79 621
13 Alipurduar 1,700,000 400
14 80 Bankura 3,596,292 12.64 954 70.95 523
15 84 Birbhum 3,502,387 16.15 956 70.90 771
16 124 North Dinajpur 3,000,849 22.90 936 60.13 956
17 129 Purulia 2,927,965 15.43 955 65.38 468
18 136 Cooch Behar 2,822,780 13.86 942 75.49 833
19 257 Darjeeling 1,842,034 14.47 971 79.92 585
20 295 Dakshin Dinajpur 1,670,931 11.16 954 73.86 753
Net State Domestic Product at Factor Cost at Current Prices (2004–05 Base)

(figures in crores of Indian rupees)

Year Net State Domestic Product
2004–2005 190,073
2005–2006 209,642
2006–2007 238,625
2007–2008 272,166
2008–2009 309,799
2009–2010 366,318

Government
General information
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