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Valdivia, Chile

Valdivia
City and Commune
View of Valdivia from Pedro de Valdivia Bridge
View of Valdivia from Pedro de Valdivia Bridge
Flag of Valdivia
Flag
Coat of arms of Valdivia
Coat of arms
Location of the Valdivia commune in Los Ríos Region
Location of the Valdivia commune in Los Ríos Region
Valdivia is located in Chile
Valdivia
Valdivia
Location in Chile
Nickname(s): The City of Rivers
Motto: Muy Noble y Muy Leal
("Most noble and most loyal")
Coordinates: 39°48′50″S 73°14′45″W / 39.81389°S 73.24583°W / -39.81389; -73.24583Coordinates: 39°48′50″S 73°14′45″W / 39.81389°S 73.24583°W / -39.81389; -73.24583
Country  Chile
Region Los Ríos
Province Valdivia
Founded as Santa María la Blanca de Valdivia
Founded 9 February 1552
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Omar Sabat Guzmán (UDI)
Area
 • Total 1,015.6 km2 (392.1 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2012 Census)
 • Total 154,432
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
 • Urban 129,952
 • Rural 10,607
Demonym(s)
Sex
 • Men 68,510
 • Women 72,049
Time zone CLT (UTC−04:00)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−03:00)
Postal code 5090000
Area code(s) country 56 + city 63
Climate Cfb
Website Municipality of Valdivia (Spanish)

Valdivia (Spanish pronunciation: [balˈdiβja]) is a city and commune in southern Chile, administered by the Municipality of Valdivia. The city is named after its founder Pedro de Valdivia and is located at the confluence of the Calle-Calle, Valdivia, and Cau-Cau Rivers, approximately 15 km (9 mi) east of the coastal towns of Corral and Niebla. Since October 2007, Valdivia has been the capital of Los Ríos Region and is also the capital of Valdivia Province. The national census of 2002 census recorded the commune of Valdivia as having 140,559 inhabitants (Valdivianos), of whom 127,750 were living in the city. The main economic activities of Valdivia include tourism, wood pulp manufacturing, forestry, metallurgy, and beer production. The city is also the home of the Austral University of Chile, founded in 1954, and the Centro de Estudios Científicos.

The city of Valdivia and the Chiloé Archipelago were once the two southernmost outliers of the Spanish Empire. From 1645 to 1740 the city depended directly on the Viceroyalty of Peru, which financed the building of the Valdivian fort system that turned Valdivia into one of the most fortified cities of the New World. In the second half of 19th century, Valdivia was the port of entry for German immigrants who were given land and settled in the surrounding areas.


Climate data for Valdivia, Chile (Pichoy Airport) 1970–2000, extremes 1966–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
35.4
(95.7)
32.0
(89.6)
27.5
(81.5)
21.2
(70.2)
18.2
(64.8)
19.2
(66.6)
20.0
(68)
25.9
(78.6)
29.2
(84.6)
29.8
(85.6)
33.2
(91.8)
35.4
(95.7)
Average high °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
22.9
(73.2)
20.5
(68.9)
16.8
(62.2)
13.4
(56.1)
10.7
(51.3)
10.5
(50.9)
12.0
(53.6)
14.3
(57.7)
16.5
(61.7)
18.6
(65.5)
21.0
(69.8)
16.6
(61.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
17.8
(64)
15.7
(60.3)
12.7
(54.9)
10.5
(50.9)
8.1
(46.6)
7.8
(46)
8.8
(47.8)
10.7
(51.3)
12.8
(55)
14.8
(58.6)
17.1
(62.8)
12.9
(55.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
9.6
(49.3)
8.3
(46.9)
6.9
(44.4)
6.9
(44.4)
5.1
(41.2)
4.6
(40.3)
4.5
(40.1)
5.2
(41.4)
6.8
(44.2)
8.6
(47.5)
10.4
(50.7)
7.3
(45.1)
Record low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
0.2
(32.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−6.8
(19.8)
−7.2
(19)
−5.2
(22.6)
−5.0
(23)
−2.6
(27.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.0
(32)
−7.2
(19)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48.8
(1.921)
46.0
(1.811)
67.7
(2.665)
131.5
(5.177)
285.6
(11.244)
325.7
(12.823)
282.8
(11.134)
212.3
(8.358)
141.7
(5.579)
103.2
(4.063)
77.5
(3.051)
64.7
(2.547)
1,787.5
(70.373)
Average precipitation days 8 7 10 15 22 22 22 21 16 14 11 9 177
Average relative humidity (%) 63 64 72 80 87 89 87 83 76 72 68 65 75.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 259.9 213.9 132.0 80.6 45.0 71.3 108.5 147.0 195.3 213.0 263.5 2,018.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.3 9.2 6.9 4.4 2.6 1.5 2.3 3.5 4.9 6.3 7.1 8.5 5.54
Source #1: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile
Source #2: Universidad de Chile (sunshine hours only)
Country City State / Region Since
Argentina Argentina COA Neuquén Capital.svg Neuquén Escudo de la Provincia de Neuquén.svg Neuquén Province 2003
Romania Romania Cluj-Napoca Actual Cluj county CoA.png Cluj County 2009
United States United States MtPleasantMichiganSeal.png Mount Pleasant Seal of Michigan.svg Michigan
United States United States Seal of the City-Blue (1).png Tacoma Seal of Washington.svg Washington

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Wikipedia

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