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Track and field

Track and field
Track and field stadium-2.jpg
Part of a track and field stadium
Nicknames Track
Characteristics
Team members Yes
Mixed gender Yes
Type Sports
Presence
Olympic Yes

http://www.athleticscholarships.net/history-of-track-and-field.htm

Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing. The name is derived from the sport's typical venue: a stadium with an oval running track enclosing a grass field where the throwing and jumping events take place. Track and field is categorised under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and race walking.

The foot racing events, which include sprints, middle- and long-distance events, race walking and hurdling, are won by the athlete with the fastest time. The jumping and throwing events are won by the athlete who achieves the greatest distance or height. Regular jumping events include long jump, triple jump, high jump and pole vault, while the most common throwing events are shot put, javelin, discus and hammer. There are also "combined events" or "multi events", such as the pentathlon consisting of five events, heptathlon consisting of seven events, and decathlon consisting of ten events. In these, athletes participate in a combination of track and field events. Most track and field events are individual sports with a single victor; the most prominent team events are relay races, which typically feature teams of four. Events are almost exclusively divided by gender, although both the men's and women's competitions are usually held at the same venue.


Official world championship track and field events
Track Field Combined events
Sprints Middle-distance Long-distance Hurdles Relays Jumps Throws
60 m
100 m
200 m
400 m
800 m
1500 m
3000 m
5000 m
10,000 m
60 m hurdles
100 m hurdles
110 m hurdles
400 m hurdles
3000 m steeplechase
4×100 m relay
4×400 m relay
Long jump
Triple jump
High jump
Pole vault
Shot put
Discus throw
Hammer throw
Javelin throw
Pentathlon
Heptathlon
Decathlon
Composition of combined events
Event Track Field
Men's decathlon 100 m 400 m 1500 m 110 m hurdles Long jump High jump Pole vault Shot put Discus throw Javelin throw
Women's heptathlon 200 m 800 m 100 m hurdles Long jump High jump Shot put Javelin throw
Men's heptathlon (indoor) 60 m 1000 m 60 m hurdles Long jump High jump Pole vault Shot put
Women's pentathlon (indoor) 800 m 60 m hurdles Long jump High jump Shot put

  • Note: Events in italics are competed at indoor world championships only
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Wikipedia

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