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Tourism


Tourism is travel for pleasure; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international, or within the traveler's country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only", as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".

Tourism can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country's balance of payments. Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases being of vital importance.

Tourism suffered as a result of a strong economic slowdown of the late-2000s recession, between the second half of 2008 and the end of 2009, and the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, but slowly recovered. International tourism receipts (the travel item in the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. International tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone of 1 billion tourists globally for the first time in 2012,emerging markets such as China, Russia and Brazil had significantly increased their spending over the previous decade. The ITB Berlin is the world's leading tourism trade fair.

The word tourist was used by 1772 and tourism by 1811. It is formed from the word tour, which is derived from Old English turian, from Old French torner, from Latin tornare; 'to turn on a lathe,' which is itself from Ancient Greek tornos; 'lathe'.

Tourism is an important, even vital, source of income for many regions and countries. Its importance was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations."


Rank Country UNWTO
Region
International
tourist
arrivals
(2015)
1  France Europe 84.5 million
2  United States North America 77.5 million
3  Spain Europe 68.2 million
4  China Asia 56.9 million
5  Italy Europe 50.7 million
6  Turkey Europe & Asia 39.5 million
7  Germany Europe 35.0 million
8  United Kingdom Europe 34.4 million
9  Mexico North America 32.1 million
10  Russia Europe 31.3 million
Rank Country/Area UNWTO
Region
International
tourism
receipts
(2015)
1  United States North America $204.5 billion
2  China Asia $114.1 billion
3  Spain Europe $56.5 billion
4  France Europe $45.9 billion
5  United Kingdom Europe $45.5 billion
6  Thailand Asia $44.6 billion
7  Italy Europe $39.4 billion
8  Germany Europe $36.9 billion
9  Hong Kong Asia $36.2 billion
10  Macau Asia $31.3 billion
Rank Country UNWTO
Region
International
tourism
expenditure
(2015)
1  China Asia $292.2 billion
2  United States North America $112.9 billion
3  Germany Europe $77.5 billion
4  United Kingdom Europe $63.3 billion
5  France Europe $38.4 billion
6  Russia Europe $34.9 billion
7  Canada North America $29.4 billion
8  South Korea Asia $25.0 billion
9  Italy Europe $24.4 billion
10  Australia Oceania $23.5 billion
2016
Rank City Country International
tourist arrivals
1 Bangkok  Thailand 21.47 million
2 London  United Kingdom 19.88 million
3 Paris  France 16.03 million
4 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 15.27 million
5 New York City  United States 12.75 million
6 Singapore  Singapore 12.11 million
7 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 12.02 million
8 Istanbul  Turkey 11.95 million
9 Tokyo  Japan 11.70 million
10 Seoul  South Korea 10.20 million
Rank City Country International
tourists spending
1 London  United Kingdom $20.2 billion
2 New York City  United States $17.3 billion
3 Paris  France $16.6 billion
4 Seoul  South Korea $15.2 billion
5 Singapore  Singapore $14.6 billion
6 Barcelona  Spain $13.8 billion
7 Bangkok  Thailand $12.3 billion
8 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia $12.0 billion
9 Dubai  United Arab Emirates $11.6 billion
10 Istanbul  Turkey $9.3 billion
Rank City Country International
tourist arrivals
1 Hong Kong  Hong Kong 25.58 million
2 Singapore  Singapore 22.45 million
3 Bangkok  Thailand 17.46 million
4 London  United Kingdom 16.78 million
5 Paris  France 15.20 million
6 Macau  Macau 14.26 million
7 New York City  United States 11.85 million
8 Shenzhen  China 11.70 million
9 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 11.18 million
10 Antalya  Turkey 11.12 million

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Wikipedia

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