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Tourism is travel for pleasure; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international, or within the traveler's country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only", as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".
Tourism can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country's balance of payments. Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases being of vital importance.
Tourism suffered as a result of a strong economic slowdown of the late-2000s recession, between the second half of 2008 and the end of 2009, and the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, but slowly recovered. International tourism receipts (the travel item in the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. International tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone of 1 billion tourists globally for the first time in 2012,emerging markets such as China, Russia and Brazil had significantly increased their spending over the previous decade. The ITB Berlin is the world's leading tourism trade fair.
The word tourist was used by 1772 and tourism by 1811. It is formed from the word tour, which is derived from Old English turian, from Old French torner, from Latin tornare; 'to turn on a lathe,' which is itself from Ancient Greek tornos; 'lathe'.
Tourism is an important, even vital, source of income for many regions and countries. Its importance was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations."
|2||United States||North America||77.5 million|
|6||Turkey||Europe & Asia||39.5 million|
|8||United Kingdom||Europe||34.4 million|
|9||Mexico||North America||32.1 million|
|1||United States||North America||$204.5 billion|
|5||United Kingdom||Europe||$45.5 billion|
|9||Hong Kong||Asia||$36.2 billion|
|2||United States||North America||$112.9 billion|
|4||United Kingdom||Europe||$63.3 billion|
|7||Canada||North America||$29.4 billion|
|8||South Korea||Asia||$25.0 billion|
|2||London||United Kingdom||19.88 million|
|4||Dubai||United Arab Emirates||15.27 million|
|5||New York City||United States||12.75 million|
|7||Kuala Lumpur||Malaysia||12.02 million|
|10||Seoul||South Korea||10.20 million|
|1||London||United Kingdom||18.82 million|
|4||Dubai||United Arab Emirates||14.26 million|
|6||New York City||United States||12.27 million|
|8||Kuala Lumpur||Malaysia||11.12 million|
|9||Seoul||South Korea||10.35 million|
|10||Hong Kong||Hong Kong||8.66 million|
|1||London||United Kingdom||$20.2 billion|
|2||New York City||United States||$17.3 billion|
|4||Seoul||South Korea||$15.2 billion|
|8||Kuala Lumpur||Malaysia||$12.0 billion|
|9||Dubai||United Arab Emirates||$11.6 billion|
|1||Hong Kong||Hong Kong||25.58 million|
|4||London||United Kingdom||16.78 million|
|7||New York City||United States||11.85 million|
|9||Kuala Lumpur||Malaysia||11.18 million|
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