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The Three Treasures or Three Jewels (Chinese: ; pinyin: sānbǎo; Wade–Giles: san-pao) are basic virtues in Taoism. Although the Tao Te Ching originally used sanbao to mean "compassion", "frugality", and "humility", the term was later used to translate the Three Jewels (Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha) in Chinese Buddhism, and to mean the Three Treasures (jing, qi, and shen) in Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Every one under heaven says that our Way is greatly like folly. But it is just because it is great, that it seems like folly. As for things that do not seem like folly — well, there can be no question about their smallness!
Here are my three treasures. Guard and keep them! The first is pity; the second, frugality; the third, refusal to be 'foremost of all things under heaven'.
For only he that pities is truly able to be brave;
Only he that is frugal is able to be profuse.
Only he that refuses to be foremost of all things
Is truly able to become chief of all Ministers.
|Translation||Sanbao 三寶||Ci 慈||Jian 儉||Bugan wei tianxia xian 不敢為天下先|
|Balfour (1884:41)||three things which I regard as precious||compassion||frugality||not venturing to take precedence of others — modesty|
|Legge (1891:110)||three precious things||gentleness||economy||shrinking from taking precedence of others|
|Lin (1948:291)||Three Treasures||Love||Moderation||Never be the first in the world|
|Erkes (1950:117)||three jewels||kindness||thriftiness||not daring to play the first part in the empire|
|Waley (1934:225)||three treasures||pity||frugality||refusal to be 'foremost of all things under heaven'|
|Wu (1961:97)||Three Treasures||Mercy||Frugality||Not daring to be First in the World|
|Chan (1963:219)||three treasures||deep love||frugality||not to dare to be ahead of the world|
|Lau (1963:129)||three treasures||compassion||frugality||not daring to take the lead in the empire|
|English & Feng (1972:n.p.)||three treasures which I hold and keep||mercy||economy||daring not to be ahead of others — humility|
|Wieger & Bryce (1984:34)||three things||charity||simplicity||humility|
|Mitchell (1988:110)||three treasures which I preserve and treasure||compassion||frugality||daring not to be first in the world|
|Henricks (1989:38)||three treasures||compassion||frugality||not presuming to be at the forefront in the world|
|Chen (1989:208)||three treasures||motherly love||frugality||daring not be at the world's front|
|Mair (1990:41)||three treasures||compassion||frugality||not daring to be ahead of all under heaven|
|Muller (2004:n.p.)||three treasures||compassion||frugality||not daring to put myself ahead of everybody|
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