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Talca

Talca
City and Commune
Downtown as seen from Cerro La Virgen.
Downtown as seen from Cerro La Virgen.
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Talca commune in Maule Region
Location of Talca commune in Maule Region
Talca is located in Chile
Talca
Talca
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 35°26′0″S 71°40′0″W / 35.43333°S 71.66667°W / -35.43333; -71.66667Coordinates: 35°26′0″S 71°40′0″W / 35.43333°S 71.66667°W / -35.43333; -71.66667
Region Maule Region
Province Talca Province
Founded May 12, 1742
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Juan Carlos Díaz Avendaño
Area
 • Total 231.5 km2 (89.4 sq mi)
Elevation 102 m (335 ft)
Population (2012 Census)
 • Total 201,142
 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 193,755
 • Rural 8,042
Demonym(s) Talquian
Sex
 • Men 96,810
 • Women 104,987
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code 3460000
Area code(s) 56 (country) + 71 (Talca Province)
Climate Csb
Website Official website (Spanish)

Talca is a city and commune in Chile located about 255 km (158 mi) south of Santiago, and is the capital of both Talca Province and Maule Region (7th Region of Chile). As of the 2012 census, the city had a population of 201,142.

The city is an important economic center, with agricultural (wheat) and manufacturing activities, as well as wine production. It is also the location of the Universidad de Talca and the Catholic University of Maule, among others. The Catholic Church of Talca has held a prominent role in the history of Chile.

The inhabitants of Talca have a saying, Talca, Paris & London, born from a hat shop which had placed a ribbon stating that it had branches in Paris and London. The shop was owned by a French immigrant named Jean-Pierre Lagarde.

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Talca spans an area of 231.5 km2 (89 sq mi) and has 201,797 inhabitants (96,810 men and 104,987 women). Of these, 193,755 (96%) lived in urban areas and 8,042 (4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 17.8% (30,510 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.

The city was founded in 1692 by Tomás Marín de Poveda and refounded as Villa San Agustín de Talca in 1742 by José Antonio Manso de Velasco. It was partially destroyed by the 1928 Talca earthquake and the 2010 Chile earthquake, being rebuilt both times. It sits near the epicenter of the 2010, magnitude 8.8 earthquake and suffered severe shaking causing the collapse of much of the historic town centre. The city played a role in Chile's independence. Here, Bernardo O'Higgins signed the Chilean independence declaration in 1818.


Climate data for Talca (1976−2005)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
29.5
(85.1)
26.8
(80.2)
21.5
(70.7)
16.4
(61.5)
13.4
(56.1)
13.1
(55.6)
15.3
(59.5)
18.1
(64.6)
21.6
(70.9)
25.4
(77.7)
28.7
(83.7)
21.7
(71.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
20.3
(68.5)
17.4
(63.3)
13.4
(56.1)
10.5
(50.9)
8.7
(47.7)
7.9
(46.2)
9.1
(48.4)
11.3
(52.3)
14.1
(57.4)
17.1
(62.8)
20.1
(68.2)
14.2
(57.6)
Average low °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
11.9
(53.4)
9.8
(49.6)
7.5
(45.5)
6.3
(43.3)
5.1
(41.2)
4.2
(39.6)
4.5
(40.1)
5.8
(42.4)
7.6
(45.7)
9.6
(49.3)
11.9
(53.4)
8.1
(46.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.0
(0.157)
3.9
(0.154)
13.3
(0.524)
33.8
(1.331)
115.8
(4.559)
146.2
(5.756)
155.1
(6.106)
85.9
(3.382)
53.1
(2.091)
34.3
(1.35)
19.4
(0.764)
11.5
(0.453)
676.2
(26.622)
Average relative humidity (%) 58.2 62.7 69.4 78.1 86.9 89.5 88.7 85.0 79.2 72.7 64.1 58.9 74.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 359.6 288.2 263.5 168.0 105.4 75.0 93.0 145.7 183.0 248.0 300.0 337.9 2,567.3
Source: University de Talca

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