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Seven virtues


In the Catholic catechism, the seven Christian virtues or heavenly virtues refers to the union of two sets of virtues: from ancient Greek philosophy, are prudence, justice, temperance (meaning restriction or restraint), and courage (or fortitude); and the three theological virtues, from the letters of Saint Paul of Tarsus, are faith, hope, and lovePurity. These were adopted by the Church Fathers as the seven virtues.

Virtues are connected with human nature and three main abilities that define human; to think, wish and feel. As Jesus was sinless, he showed in practice those virtues. At the beginning of his mission he is led through the desert to be tested with three main temptations that can lead one into sin, vices and perversion of personality. Modern names of temptations are egoism, materialism and hedonism. In First Epistle of John temptations in world are called "pride of life", "lust of eyes" and "lust of body". Jesus rejects temptations with virtues of:

Virtues are talents that lead human to seek ultimate ideals of life, called transcendentals in philosophy and correspondent with appropriate field that seeks them; truth (science), beauty (arts) and goodness (religion). Persons who enter catholic orders give public vows to live under guidance of evangelical counsels to confront world temptations; obedience (vs. egoism), poverty (vs. materialism) and purity (vs. hedonism). Human virtues are rooted in theological virtues of faith, hope and love which relate directly to God who is True, Beauty and Goodness.


(Mt 22,37) mind soul heart
divine virtues faith hope love
man thoughts wishes feelings
philosophy logic aesthetics ethics
ideal truth beauty goodness
field science art religion
(1 Jn 2:16)
(Mt 4:1–11)
temptations
world
sin
"pride of life"
"spectacular throw"
might
success
egoism
"lust of eyes"
"kingdoms"
wealth
money
materialism
"lust of body"
"hunger"
satisfaction
pleasure
hedonism
monastic vows obedience
humbleness
serving
poverty
sufficiency
giving
purity
mercy
suffering
human virtues prudence
caution
temperance
self-control
fortitude
courage
Virtue Latin Gloss (Sin) (Latin) Virtue's Meaning
Chastity Castitas , knowledge, honesty, wisdom Lust Luxuria
  • Discretion of sexual conduct according to one's state in life; the practice of courtly love. Cleanliness through cultivated good health and hygiene, and maintained by refraining from intoxicants.
  • To be honest with oneself, one's family, one's friends, to all of humanity, and to all of God's creations.
  • Ignorance breeds suffering; education and self-betterment embraces moral wholesomeness and achieves purity of thought.
  • The ability to refrain from being distracted and influenced by hostility, temptation or corruption.
Temperance Temperantia Humanity, justice, honour, abstinence Gluttony Gula
  • Restraint, temperance, justice. Constant mindfulness of others and one's surroundings; practicing self-control, abstinence, moderation and deferred gratification.
  • Prudence to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given time; proper moderation between self-interest, versus public-interest, and against the rights and needs of others.
Charity Caritas Will, , generosity, sacrifice Greed Avaritia
  • Generosity, charity, self-sacrifice; the term should not be confused with the more restricted modern use of the word charity to mean benevolent giving. In Christian theology, charity—or love (agäpé)—is the greatest of the three theological virtues.
  • Love, in the sense of an unlimited loving kindness towards all others, is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. Such love is self-sacrificial. Confusion can arise from the multiple meanings of the English word "love". The love that is "caritas" is distinguished by its origin—being divinely infused into the soul—and by its residing in the will rather than emotions, regardless of what emotions it stirs up. This love is necessary for salvation through Jesus Christ, and with it no one can be lost.
Diligence Industria Persistence, fortitude, effort, ethics, rectitude Sloth Acedia
  • A zealous and careful nature in one's actions and work; decisive work ethic, steadfastness in belief, fortitude, and the capability of not giving up.
  • Budgeting one's time; monitoring one's own activities to guard against laziness.
Patience Patientia Forgiveness, mercy, sufferance Wrath Ira
  • Forbearance that comes from moderation; enduring the seemingly unbearable with patience and dignity.
  • Building a sense of peaceful stability and harmony rather than conflict, hostility, and antagonism; resolving issues and arguments respectfully, as opposed to resorting to anger and fighting.
  • Showing forgiveness and being merciful to criminals and sinners.
Kindness Benevolentia Satisfaction, loyalty, compassion, integrity Envy Invidia
Humility Humilitas Bravery, modesty, reverence, altruism Pride Superbia
  • Humility is not thinking less of yourself, it is thinking of yourself less. It is a spirit of self-examination; a hermeneutic of suspicion toward yourself and charity toward people you disagree with. Modest behavior, selflessness, and the giving of respect.
  • The courage of the heart necessary to undertake tasks which are difficult, tedious or unglamorous, and to graciously accept the sacrifices involved. Reverence for those who have wisdom and those who selflessly teach in love.
  • Giving credit where credit is due; not unfairly glorifying one's own self. Being faithful to promises, no matter how big or small they may be.
  • Refraining from despair; the ability to confront fear and uncertainty, or intimidation.

  • fortitude, courage not to eat, risking his life to die of "hunger" (hedonism),
  • prudence, caution not to make sign of might without reason, "spectacular throw" (egoism),
  • temperance, self-control not to take glittering attractions, "kingdoms of world" (materialism).
  • Discretion of sexual conduct according to one's state in life; the practice of courtly love. Cleanliness through cultivated good health and hygiene, and maintained by refraining from intoxicants.
  • To be honest with oneself, one's family, one's friends, to all of humanity, and to all of God's creations.
  • Ignorance breeds suffering; education and self-betterment embraces moral wholesomeness and achieves purity of thought.
  • The ability to refrain from being distracted and influenced by hostility, temptation or corruption.
  • Restraint, temperance, justice. Constant mindfulness of others and one's surroundings; practicing self-control, abstinence, moderation and deferred gratification.
  • Prudence to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given time; proper moderation between self-interest, versus public-interest, and against the rights and needs of others.
  • Generosity, charity, self-sacrifice; the term should not be confused with the more restricted modern use of the word charity to mean benevolent giving. In Christian theology, charity—or love (agäpé)—is the greatest of the three theological virtues.
  • Love, in the sense of an unlimited loving kindness towards all others, is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. Such love is self-sacrificial. Confusion can arise from the multiple meanings of the English word "love". The love that is "caritas" is distinguished by its origin—being divinely infused into the soul—and by its residing in the will rather than emotions, regardless of what emotions it stirs up. This love is necessary for salvation through Jesus Christ, and with it no one can be lost.
  • A zealous and careful nature in one's actions and work; decisive work ethic, steadfastness in belief, fortitude, and the capability of not giving up.
  • Budgeting one's time; monitoring one's own activities to guard against laziness.
  • Forbearance that comes from moderation; enduring the seemingly unbearable with patience and dignity.
  • Building a sense of peaceful stability and harmony rather than conflict, hostility, and antagonism; resolving issues and arguments respectfully, as opposed to resorting to anger and fighting.
  • Showing forgiveness and being merciful to criminals and sinners.
  • Humility is not thinking less of yourself, it is thinking of yourself less. It is a spirit of self-examination; a hermeneutic of suspicion toward yourself and charity toward people you disagree with. Modest behavior, selflessness, and the giving of respect.
  • The courage of the heart necessary to undertake tasks which are difficult, tedious or unglamorous, and to graciously accept the sacrifices involved. Reverence for those who have wisdom and those who selflessly teach in love.
  • Giving credit where credit is due; not unfairly glorifying one's own self. Being faithful to promises, no matter how big or small they may be.
  • Refraining from despair; the ability to confront fear and uncertainty, or intimidation.
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Wikipedia

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