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The word saṃskṛtam written in Devanagari.
|Era||ca. 2nd millennium BCE – 600 BCE (Vedic Sanskrit), after which it gave rise to the Middle Indo-Aryan languages.
Continues as a liturgical language (Classical Sanskrit).
|Revival||Attempts at revitalization.
Total: 5 million speakers (2001)
|No native script. Written in various Brahmic scripts.|
Official language in
Sanskrit (English pronunciation://; Sanskrit: संस्कृतम् written in Devanagari script; IAST: Saṃskṛtam; pronunciation ; IPA: [sə̃skr̩t̪əm] or saṃskṛta, originally saṃskṛtā vāk, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism and Mahāyāna Buddhism, a philosophical language in Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. It was also a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in ancient and medieval South Asia. It is a standardised dialect of Old Indo-Aryan, originating as Vedic Sanskrit and tracing its linguistic ancestry back to Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European. Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand. As one of the oldest Indo-European languages for which substantial written documentation exists, Sanskrit holds a prominent position in Indo-European studies.
|1791||Sampurnanand Sanskrit University||Varanasi|
|1961||Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University||Darbhanga|
|1962||Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha||Tirupati|
|1962||Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha||New Delhi|
|1970||Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan||New Delhi|
|1981||Shri Jagannath Sanskrit University||Puri|
|1986||Nepal Sanskrit University||Nepal|
|1993||Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit||Kalady, Kerala|
|1997||Kavikulaguru Kalidas Sanskrit University||Ramtek|
|2001||Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Rajasthan Sanskrit University||Jaipur|
|2005||Uttarakhand Sanskrit University||Haridwar|
|2005||Shree Somnath Sanskrit University||Somnath-Veraval|
|2008||Maharshi Panini Sanskrit Evam Vedic Vishwavidyalaya||Ujjain|
|2011||Karnataka Samskrit University||Bangalore|
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