Don't miss the piglix.com special BONUS offer during our Beta-test period. The next 100 new Registered Users (from a unique IP address), to post at least five (5) piglix, will receive 1,000 extra sign-up points (eventually exchangeable for crypto-currency)!

* * * * *    Free piglix.com Launch Promotions    * * * * *

  • $2,000 in free prizes! piglix.com is giving away ten (10) Meccano Erector sets, retail at $200 each, that build a motorized Ferris Wheel (or one of 22 other models) ... see details

  • Free Ads! if you are a business with annual revenues of less than $1M - piglix.com will place your ads free of charge for up to one year! ... read more

Richard I of England

Richard I
Church of Fontevraud Abbey Richard I effigy.jpg
Effigy (c. 1199) of Richard I at Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou
King of England (more..)
Reign 6 July 1189 – 6 April 1199
Coronation 3 September 1189
Predecessor Henry II
Successor John
Regent Eleanor of Aquitaine; William Longchamp (Third Crusade)
Born (1157-09-08)8 September 1157
Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England
Died 6 April 1199(1199-04-06) (aged 41)
Châlus, Duchy of Aquitaine
(now in Limousin, France)
Burial Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France
Consort Berengaria of Navarre
Issue Philip of Cognac (illegitimate)
House Plantagenet / Angevin
Father Henry II of England
Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine
Religion Roman Catholicism

Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and Overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard Cœur de Lion or Richard the Lionheart because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. He was also known in Occitan as Oc e No (Yes and No), because of his reputation for terseness.

By the age of 16, Richard had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father. Richard was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade, leading the campaign after the departure of Philip II of France and scoring considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin, although he did not retake Jerusalem from Saladin.

Richard spoke both French and Occitan. He was born in England, where he spent his childhood; before becoming king, however, he lived for most of his adult life in the Duchy of Aquitaine in the southwest of France. Following his accession he spent very little time, perhaps as little as six months, in England; most of his life as king was spent on Crusade, in captivity, or in actively defending his lands in France. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, he has been perceived as preferring to use it merely as a source of revenue to support his armies. Nevertheless, he was seen as a pious hero by his subjects. He remains one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France.


Richard the Lionheart
Born: 1157 8 September Died: 1199 6 April
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eleanor and Henry I
Duke of Aquitaine
1172–1199
with Eleanor
Succeeded by
Eleanor and John
Preceded by
Henry II
Count of Maine
1186–1199
Succeeded by
John
King of England
Duke of Normandy

1189–1199
Count of Anjou
1189–1199
Succeeded by
Arthur I

  • Joan was to receive 20,000 ounces (570 kg) of gold as compensation for her inheritance, which Tancred kept.
  • Richard officially proclaimed his nephew, Arthur of Brittany, son of Geoffrey, as his heir, and Tancred promised to marry one of his daughters to Arthur when he came of age, giving a further 20,000 ounces (570 kg) of gold that would be returned by Richard if Arthur did not marry Tancred's daughter.
...
Wikipedia

1,000 EXTRA POINTS!

Don't forget! that as one of our early users, you are eligible to receive the 1,000 point bonus as soon as you have created five (5) acceptable piglix.

...