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Rajasthan

Rajasthan
राजस्थान
State
Official seal of Rajasthan
Seal
Location of Rajasthan in India
Location of Rajasthan in India
Coordinates (Jaipur): 26°34′22″N 73°50′20″E / 26.57268°N 73.83902°E / 26.57268; 73.83902Coordinates: 26°34′22″N 73°50′20″E / 26.57268°N 73.83902°E / 26.57268; 73.83902
Country  India
Established 26 January 1950
Capital Jaipur
Largest city Jaipur
Districts 33 total
Government
 • Governor Kalyan Singh
 • Chief Minister Vasundhra Raje (BJP)
 • Legislature Unicameral (200 seats)
 • Parliamentary
 constituency
25
 • High Court Rajasthan High Court
Area
 • Total 342,239 km2 (132,139 sq mi)
Area rank 1st
Population (2016)
 • Total 74,791,568
 • Rank 7th
Demonym(s) Rajasthani
Languages
 • Official language Hindi
 • Spoken languages
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-RJ
HDI Increase 0.468 (low)
HDI rank 14th (2010)
Literacy 67% (35th)
Website rajasthan.gov.in
Symbols of Rajasthan
Dance Ghoomar
Animal Camel and Chinkara
Bird Godawan
Flower Rohida
Tree Khejri
Game Basketball

Rajasthan (/ˈrɑːəstæn/ Hindustani pronunciation: [raːdʒəsˈt̪ʰaːn]; literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4% of India's total area). It is located on the western side of the country, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the "Rajasthan Desert" and "Great Indian Desert") and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. Elsewhere it is bordered by the other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest. Rajasthan is an economically backward region of India and has the highest percentage of unemployed youth in North India. Rajasthan is divided into 9 regions; Ajmer State, Hadoti, Dhundhar, Gorwar, Shekhawati, Mewar, Marwar, Vagad and Mewat which are equally rich in its heritage and artistic contribution. These regions have a parallel history which goes along with that of the state.

Major features include the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilization at Kalibanga; the Dilwara Temples, a Jain pilgrimage site at Rajasthan's only hill station, Mount Abu, in the ancient Aravalli mountain range; and, in eastern Rajasthan, the Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. Rajasthan is also home to two national tiger reserves, the Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur and Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar.


Division Districts
Jaipur
Jodhpur
Ajmer
Udaipur
Bikaner
Kota
Bharatpur

Crude oil and Mineral stones
Air
Rail
Road
Government
General information
  • Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, the Hindu Emperor, was born in the village of Machheri in Alwar District in 1501. He won 22 battles against Afghans, from Punjab to Bengal including states of Ajmer and Alwar in Rajasthan, and defeated Akbar's forces twice at Agra and Delhi in 1556 at Battle of Delhi before acceding to the throne of Delhi and establishing the "Hindu Raj" in North India, albeit for a short duration, from Purana Quila in Delhi. Hem Chandra was killed in the battlefield at Second Battle of Panipat fighting against Mughals on 5 November 1556.
    Maharana Pratap Singh, legendary sixteenth-century Rajput ruler of Mewar.
  • Maharana Pratap of Mewar resisted Akbar in the famous Battle of Haldighati (1576) and later operated from hilly areas of his kingdom. The Bhils were Maharana's main allies during these wars. Most of these attacks were repulsed even though the Mughal forces outnumbered Mewar Rajputs in all the wars fought between them. The Haldighati war was fought between 10,000 Mewaris and a 100,000-strong Mughal force (including many Rajputs like Kachwahas from Dhundhar).
  • Jat king Maharaja Suraj Mal (February 1707 – 25 December 1765) or Sujan Singh was ruler of Bharatpur in Rajasthan. A contemporary historian has described him as "the Plato of the Jat people" and by a modern writer as the "Jat Odysseus", because of his political sagacity, steady intellect, and clear vision.
  • Bhattacharya, Manoshi. 2008. The Royal Rajputs: Strange Tales and Stranger Truths. Rupa & Co, New Delhi.
  • Gahlot, Sukhvirsingh. 1992. RAJASTHAN: Historical & Cultural. J. S. Gahlot Research Institute, Jodhpur.
  • Somani, Ram Vallabh. 1993. History of Rajasthan. Jain Pustak Mandir, Jaipur.
  • Tod, James & Crooke, William. 1829. Annals and Antiquities of Rajast'han or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India,. Numerous reprints, including 3 Vols. Reprint: Low Price Publications, Delhi. 1990. (set of 3 vols.)
  • Mathur, P.C., 1995. Social and Economic Dynamics of Rajasthan Politics (Jaipur, Aaalekh)
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