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Pune

Pune
Metropolis
Pune
From top: Fergusson College, Mahatma Gandhi Road (left), Shaniwarwada (right), the HSBC Global Technology India Headquarters, and the National War Memorial Southern Command
Pune is located in Maharashtra
Pune
Pune
Pune is located in India
Pune
Pune
Pune
Coordinates: 18°31′13″N 73°51′24″E / 18.52028°N 73.85667°E / 18.52028; 73.85667Coordinates: 18°31′13″N 73°51′24″E / 18.52028°N 73.85667°E / 18.52028; 73.85667
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Prashant Jagtap
 • Municipal Commissioner Mr. Kunal Kumar
 • Member of Parliament Anil Shirole (BJP, Lok Sabha)
Area
 • Metropolis 479 km2 (185 sq mi)
Area rank 7th
Elevation 560 m (1,840 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolis 3,124,458
 • Rank

9th: India

2nd: Maharashtra
 • Density 6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 5,057,709
 • Metro rank 8th
Demonym(s) Punekar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Postal Index Number 411001 – 411062
Area code(s) +91-20
Vehicle registration MH 12 (PMC) MH 14(PCMC)
Official language Marathi,
Website www.pune.nic.in/mdefault.aspx
www.punecorporation.org

9th: India

Pune (IPA: [puɳe] English pronunciation: /ˈpnə/; spelt Poona during British rule) is the 9th most populous city in India and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra after the state capital Mumbai. Pune is also the 101st most populous city in the world.

It is situated 560 metres (1,837 feet) above sea level on the Deccan plateau, on the right bank of the Mutha river. Pune city is the administrative headquarters of Pune district and was once the centre of power of the Maratha Empire established by Shivaji Maharaj.

In the 18th century, Pune became the political centre of the Indian subcontinent, as the seat of the Peshwas who were the prime ministers of the Maratha Empire.

Pune is considered the cultural capital of Maharashtra. Since the 1950s and 1960s, Pune has had a traditional old-economic base. Most of the old industries continue to grow. The city is also known for its manufacturing and automobile industries, as well as for research institutes of information technology (IT), education, management and training, which attracts students, and professionals from India, South East Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Pune is also one of the fastest growing cities in the Asia-Pacific region. The ‘Mercer 2015 Quality of Living rankings’ evaluated local living conditions in more than 440 cities around the world where Pune ranked at 145, second in India after Hyderabad (138). It also highlights Pune among evolving business centres and emerging 9 cities around the world with citation "Hosts IT and automotive companies".


Year Date Magnitude Epicentre
2004 17 May 2004 3.2 Katraj Region, Pune, Maharashtra
2008 30 July 2008 4.2 Koyna Dam, Koynanagar, Maharashtra
2012 14 April 2012 4.9 Satara district, Maharashtra
Zone Neighbourhood Description
Old City The 17 Peths (burroughs, formerly markets or settlements) of Pune These were established and developed during the Maratha rule and Peshwa administration, and are referred to as the old city.
New City – Inner District Shivajinagar, Deccan Gymkhana, Erandawane, Kothrud, Prabhat Road, and Law College Road in the west; Camp, Bund Garden, and Koregaon Park in the east; Swargate, Parvati Hill, Sahakarnagar, Bibvewadi, Mukund Nagar, Maharshi Nagar, Gultekdi, and Salisbury Park to the south. Bounded on the north by the Mula-Mutha river.
New City – Outer District Khadki, Aundh and Ganeshkhind in the northwest; and Paud Road in the west; Dattawadi, Anandnagar, and Sahakarnagar in the southwest; Lullanagar in the southeast; Yerwada, Wadgaon Sheri, Chandan Nagar, Kalyani Nagar, and Shastri Nagar, in the northeast; Vishrantwadi in the north; Ghorpadi, Fatimanagar, Wanowrie, and Hadapsar South to the east. Several educational institutes are located in the Kothrud, Nagar Road, Bund Garden Road neighbourhoods.
Inner Suburbs Baner, Balewadi, and Pashan in the northwest; Bavdhan, Karve-Nagar, and Warje in the west; Wadgaon Budrukh in the southwest; Katraj, Khed Shivapur, Wanawadi, NIBM, Lullanagar, Kondhwa, Undri, and Mohammadwadi in the southeast; Wagholi, Kharadi, Viman Nagar, and Mundhwa in the east; Dhanori and Kalas to the north. Kharadi and Hadapsar are home to large IT parks.
Proposed Expansion Mahalunge, Sus, Bavdhan Budrukh, Kirkatwadi, Pisoli, Lohegaon, Kondhwe Dhavde, Kopare, Nande, Uttam Nagar, Khadakwasla, Sadesatra Nali, Manjri, Narhe, Shivane, Ambegaon Khurd, Undri, Dhayari, Ambegaon Budruk, Urali Devachi, Mantarwadi, Holkarwadi, Authade (Handewadi), Wadachiwadi, Shiwalewadi, Phursungi, and Yeolewadi 28 new villages are to be merged in PMC limits
Zone Neighbourhood Description
Pimpri and its surroundings Pimpri industrial area, Pimprigaon, Chikhli, Kalewadi, Kasarwadi, Phugewadi, and Pimple Saudagar Pimpri industrial area, and other residential areas, are included in this zone. Pimple Saudagar has become a new hub of residential areas because of its proximity to Hinjawadi IT Park.
Chinchwad and its surroundings Chinchwadgaon, Thergaon, Tathawade Industrial and residential area
Dapodi and its surroundings Old Sangvi, Wakad, Hinjawadi, Pimple Nilakh, Pimple Gurav, and New Sangvi IT Industrial area in Hinjawadi; other areas are residential. The Rajiv Gandhi Information technology (IT) park is in the Hinjawadi area.
Bhosari and its surroundings Bhosari, Moshi, Dighi, Dudulgaon and Charholi Budruk Industrial areas are at Moshi and Dighi; others are residential areas
Nigdi, Akurdi and its surroundings Akurdi, Nigdi, Ravet, Talawade Residential area. IT parks are in the Talawade area
Climate data for Pune
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.3
(95.5)
38.9
(102)
42.8
(109)
43.3
(109.9)
43.3
(109.9)
41.7
(107.1)
36.0
(96.8)
35.0
(95)
36.1
(97)
37.8
(100)
36.1
(97)
35.0
(95)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
32.8
(91)
36.0
(96.8)
38.1
(100.6)
37.2
(99)
32.1
(89.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.5
(81.5)
29.3
(84.7)
31.8
(89.2)
30.5
(86.9)
29.6
(85.3)
32.0
(89.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
22.0
(71.6)
25.6
(78.1)
28.8
(83.8)
29.7
(85.5)
27.4
(81.3)
25.3
(77.5)
24.5
(76.1)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
22.3
(72.1)
20.2
(68.4)
24.7
(76.46)
Average low °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
12.7
(54.9)
16.5
(61.7)
20.7
(69.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.9
(73.2)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
20.7
(69.3)
18.8
(65.8)
14.7
(58.5)
12.0
(53.6)
18.0
(64.4)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
7.2
(45)
10.6
(51.1)
13.8
(56.8)
17.0
(62.6)
18.9
(66)
17.2
(63)
13.2
(55.8)
9.4
(48.9)
4.6
(40.3)
3.3
(37.9)
1.7
(35.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
5.3
(0.209)
16.6
(0.654)
40.6
(1.598)
116.1
(4.571)
187.2
(7.37)
122.3
(4.815)
120.1
(4.728)
77.9
(3.067)
30.2
(1.189)
4.8
(0.189)
721.7
(28.413)
Average precipitation days 0.0 0.1 0.6 1.1 2.8 7.5 12.8 10.6 7.4 4.6 2.0 0.4 49.9
Average relative humidity (%) 56 46 36 36 48 70 79 82 78 64 58 58 59.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 291.4 282.8 300.7 303.0 316.2 186.0 120.9 111.6 177.0 248.0 270.0 288.3 2,895.9
Source #1: Temperature and Precipitation: IMD (1951–1980)
Source #2: Sun hours and Humidity: NOAA (1971–1990)
Religion Total Percentage
Hindu 2,481,627 79.43%
Muslims 344,571 11.03%
Buddhist 123,179 3.94%
Jain 76,441 2.45%
Christian 67,808 2.17%
Sikh 13,558 0.43%
Not Stated 10,906 0.35%
Others 6,368 0.20%

Historical
Geographical
Law
  • Aga Khan Palace – Built in 1892, national monument of India's freedom movement. The palace is surrounded by a sprawling garden. The famous movie 'Gandhi' was shot here.
  • Bhigwan – Famous for Migratory Birds from Siberia.
  • Lavasa – First man-made hill station near Pune.
  • Lonavla – A beautiful hill station on the Pune – Mumbai highway, just 65 kilometres (40 miles) from Pune. Offers great views of the Western Ghats and has lots of trekking spots nearby.
  • Mahabaleshwar – 120 kilometres (75 miles) from Pune. Famous twin hill stations of Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani in Satara disctrict in Maharashtra, India offering scenic views of the Western Ghats.
  • Osho International Meditation Resort- It attracts a large number of meditators and spiritual seekers from all across the globe every year. Following the philosophy of its iconic founder Rajneesh Osho, the center is known for its activities and meditation sessions. Tours of the center are no longer permitted and the only way you can visit the ashram is by paying an initial registration fee.
  • Shaniwar Wada – Shaniwarwada is an 18th-century fort built in 1732 by Peshwa rulers of the Maratha Empire.The walls in the palace were painted with scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata. A sixteen petal lotus-shaped fountain stands reminiscent of the exquisite work of those times. A light and sound show set up at a cost of Rs 1.25 crore is the main attraction.
  • Shivneri fort – It is famous as the birthplace of Maratha King Chattrapati Shivaji. It is located near Junnar town in the Pune district about 95 kilometres (59 miles) north of Pune. The fort attracts a large number of tourists, history buffs and trekkers.
  • Sinhgad – This historical fort closely associated with Shivaji is the closest fort to the city. Apart from visitors interested in the Maratha history, it attracts trekkers throughout the year and others during the monsoon rain.
...
Wikipedia

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