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Pink fairy armadillo

Pink fairy armadillo
Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) (cropped).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Subfamily: Chlamyphorinae
Genus: Chlamyphorus
Harlan, 1825
Species: C. truncatus
Binomial name
Chlamyphorus truncatus
Harlan, 1825
Lesser Fairy Armadillo area.png
Pink fairy armadillo range

The pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo (mammals of the families Chlamyphoridae and Dasypodidae, recognized by a bony armor shell), first described by R. Harlan in 1825. This desert-adapted animal is endemic to central Argentina and can be found inhabiting sandy plains, dunes, and scrubby grasslands.

Pink fairy armadillos have small eyes, silky yellowish white fur, and a flexible dorsal shell that is solely attached to its body by a thin dorsal membrane. In addition, its spatula-shaped tail protrudes from a vertical plate at the blunt of its shell. This creature exhibits nocturnal and solitary habits and has a diet that is mainly composed of insects, worms, snails, and various plant parts.

The conservation status for pink fairy armadillo is still uncertain, and it is listed as Data Deficient by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The decline in population for this species has generally been attributed to farming activities and predators including domestic dogs and cats. Pink fairy armadillos are found less commonly than they were a few decades ago, and the field sightings have been rare and incidental. Individuals that have been caught in the wild had a tendency to die during or a couple days after they were transported from their natural habitat to captive facilities. There is a sole record for the longevity of a pink fairy armadillo that was held in captivity more than 4 years; however, that particular case lacks proper scientific description and thus cannot be considered fully valid. Armadillos' evolutionary distinctiveness, combined with their restricted geographic range, ongoing threats, and rarity makes the urgent conservation attention extremely important for these species.

  • Borghi, C. E; Campos, C. M.; Giannoni, S. M.; Campos, V. E.; Sillero-Zubiri, C. (2011). "Updated Distribution of the Pink Fairy Armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus, the World's Smallest Armadillo". Sloth and Armadillo Specialist Group. 1: 14–19. 
  • Cuevas, M. E; Novillo, A.; Campos, C.; Dacar, M. A.; Ojeda, R. A. (2010). "Food habits and impact of rooting behavior of the invasive wild boar, Sus scrofa, in a protected area of the Monte Desert, Argentina". Journal of Arid Environments. 74: 1582–1585. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.05.002. 
  • Average Weather For Mendoza, Argentina
  • Absurd Creature of the Week: Pink Fairy Armadillo Crawls Out of the Desert and Into Your Heart
  • Superina, M (2006). "New Information on Population Declines in Pink Fairy Armadillos". Sloth and Armadillo Specialist Group. 7: 48–50. doi:10.1896/1413-4411.7.1.48. 
  • Superina, M (2011). "Husbandry of a Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus): Case Study of a Cryptic and Little Known Species in Captvity". Zoo Biology. 30: 225–231. doi:10.1002/zoo.20334. 
  • Möller-Krull, M.; Delsuc, F.; Churakov, G.; et al. (November 2007). "Retroposed Elements and Their Flanking Regions Resolve the Evolutionary History of Xenaethan Mammals (Armadillos, Anteaters, and Sloths)". Mol. Biol. Evol. 24 (11): 2573–2582. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm201. PMID 17884827. 
  • Delsuc, F.; Superina, M.; Tilak, M.-K.; Dousery, E.; Hassanin, A. "Molecular phylogenetics unveils the ancient evolutionary origins of the enigmatic fairy armadillos". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 673–680. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.11.008. PMID 22122941. 
  • Katharine and David Lowrie. "Roast Armadillo-a recipe for extinction." The Independent Blogs. Web. 23 Oct 2014.
  • Bob Corrigan, eds. "Chlamyphorus truncates." Encyclopedia of Life available from Accessed 23 Oct 2014.
  • Superina, M., Abba, A.M. & Roig, V.G. 2014. Chlamyphorus truncatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.
  • "Armadillo." National Geographics. n.p, n.d. Web. 23 Oct 2014.
  • Superina Mariella. "New Information On Population Declines In Pink Fairy Armadillos." Edentata (2006): 48. BioOne Online Journals. Web. 22 Oct.2014


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