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A doctor examines a newly born baby.
|Focus||Children and adolescents|
|Subdivisions||Pediatric cardiology, neonatology, pediatric emergency medicine, pediatric oncology, among others|
|Significant diseases||Congenital diseases, Infectious diseases, Childhood cancer|
|Significant tests||World Health Organization Child Growth Standards|
Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit usually ranges from birth up to 18-21 years of age (in some places until completion of secondary education). A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician, or paediatrician. The word paediatrics and its cognates mean "healer of children"; they derive from two Greek words: (pais "child") and (iatros "doctor, healer"). Pediatricians work both in hospitals, particularly those working in its specialised subfields such as neonatology, and as primary care physicians.
Pediatrics is known as a new modern medicine in the society today.Hippocrates, Aristotle, Celsus, Soranus, and Galen, understood the differences in growing and maturing organisms that necessitated different treatment: Ex toto non sic pueri ut viri curari debent ( "In general, boys should not be treated in the same way as men." Celsus).
Some of the oldest traces of pediatrics can be discovered in Ancient India where children's doctors were called kumara bhrtya.Sushruta Samhita an ayurvedic text, composed during the sixth century BC contains the text about pediatrics. Another ayurvedic text from this period is Kashyapa Samhita.
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