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Paraguay

Republic of Paraguay
Flag of Paraguay
Coat of arms [nb 1] of Paraguay
Flag (obverse) Coat of arms
Motto: "Paz y justicia" (Spanish)
"Peace and justice"
Anthem: 
Paraguayos, República o Muerte  (Spanish)
Paraguayans, Republic or Death
Location of Paraguay
Capital
and largest city
Asunción
25°16′S 57°40′W / 25.267°S 57.667°W / -25.267; -57.667
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2000)
Demonym Paraguayan
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Horacio Cartes
Juan Afara
Legislature Congress
Chamber of Senators
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
• Declared
14 May 1811
• Recognized
15 May 1811
Area
• Total
406,752 km2 (157,048 sq mi) (60th)
• Water (%)
2.3
Population
• 2015 estimate
6,783,272 (104th)
• Density
17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) (204th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$64.115 billion (100th)
• Per capita
$9,353 (107th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$27.323 billion (99th)
• Per capita
$3,986
Gini (2014) Negative increase 51.7
high
HDI (2014) Increase 0.679
medium · 112th
Currency Guaraní (PYG)
Time zone PYT (UTC–4)
• Summer (DST)
PYST (UTC–3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +595
ISO 3166 code PY
Internet TLD .py
  1. Mixed European and Amerindian.

Coordinates: 23°S 58°W / 23°S 58°W / -23; -58

Paraguay (/ˈpærəɡw/; Spanish pronunciation: [paɾaˈɣwai̯]; Guarani: Paraguái, [paɾaˈɣwaj]), officially the Republic of Paraguay (Spanish: República del Paraguay; Guarani: Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the country from north to south. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de Sudamérica ("Heart of South America"). Paraguay is one of the two landlocked countries (the other is Bolivia) that lie outside Afro-Eurasia. Paraguay is the smallest landlocked country in the Americas.


ISO 3166-2:PY Departament Capital Population (2002 census) Area (km²) Districts
ASU Distrito Capital Asunción 512,112 117 6
1 Concepción Concepción 179,450 18,051 8
2 San Pedro San Pedro 318,698 20,002 20
3 Cordillera Caacupé 233,854 4,948 20
4 Guairá Villarrica 178,650 3,846 18
5 Caaguazú Coronel Oviedo 435,357 11,474 21
6 Caazapá Caazapá 139,517 9,496 10
7 Itapúa Encarnación 453,692 16,525 30
8 Misiones San Juan Bautista 101,783 9,556 10
9 Paraguarí Paraguarí 221,932 8,705 17
10 Alto Paraná Ciudad del Este 558,672 14,895 21
11 Central Areguá 1,362,893 2,465 19
12 Ñeembucú Pilar 76,348 12,147 16
13 Amambay Pedro Juan Caballero 114,917 12,933 4
14 Canindeyú Salto del Guairá 140.137 14.667 12
15 Presidente Hayes Villa Hayes 82,493 72,907 8
16 Alto Paraguay Fuerte Olimpo 11,587 82,349 4
17 Boquerón Filadelfia 41,106 91,669 3
Paraguay Asunción 5,163,198 406,752 245

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