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Otto Preminger

Otto Preminger
Otto Preminger Allan Warren.jpg
Preminger in 1976, by Allan Warren
Born Otto Ludwig Preminger
(1905-12-05)5 December 1905
Wiznitz, Austria-Hungary (present-day Vyzhnytsia, Ukraine)
Died 23 April 1986(1986-04-23) (aged 80)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Cause of death Lung cancer
Alzheimer's disease
Occupation Director, producer, actor
Years active 1931–86
Spouse(s) Marion Mill (m. 1932–49) (d.1972)
Mary Gardner (m. 1951–59) (d.1998)
Hope Bryce (m. 1971–86)

Otto Ludwig Preminger (/ˈprɛmənɪər/,German pronunciation: [ˈpreːmiŋɐ]; 5 December 1905 – 23 April 1986) was an American theatre and film director, originally from Austria-Hungary.

He directed more than 35 feature films in a five-decade career after leaving the theatre. He first gained attention for film noir mysteries such as Laura (1944) and Fallen Angel (1945), while in the 1950s and '60s, he directed a number of high-profile adaptations of popular novels and stage works. Several of these later films pushed the boundaries of censorship by dealing with topics which were then taboo in Hollywood, such as drug addiction (The Man with the Golden Arm, 1955), rape (Anatomy of a Murder, 1959) and homosexuality (Advise & Consent, 1962). He was twice nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director. He also had a few acting roles.

Preminger was born in 1905 in Wiznitz, Bukovina, Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Vyzhnytsia, Ukraine), into a Jewish family. His parents were Josefa (née Fraenkel) and Markus Preminger. The couple provided a stable home life for Preminger and his younger brother Ingwald, known as "Ingo", later the producer of the original film version of M*A*S*H (1970).

Preceded by
George Sanders
Mr. Freeze Actor
Succeeded by
Eli Wallach

  • Carluccio, Giulia; Cena, Linda (1990). Otto Preminger (in Italian). Firenze: Nuova Italia. OCLC 24409124. 
  • Frischauer, Willi (1973). Behind the Scenes of Otto Preminger: An Unauthorised Biography. London, UK: Joseph. ISBN . 
  • Fujiwara, Chris (2008). The World and Its Double: The Life and Work of Otto Preminger. New York: Faber and Faber. ISBN . 
  • Grob, Norbert; Aurich, Rolf; Jacobsen, Wolfgang (1999). Otto Preminger (in German). Berlin: Jovis. ISBN . 
  • Hirsch, Foster (2007). Otto Preminger: The Man Who Would Be King. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN . 
  • Legrand, Gérard; Lourcelles, Jacques; Mardore, Michel (1993). Otto Preminger (in French). Paris: Cinémathèque Française. ISBN . 
  • Lourcelles, Jacques (1965). Otto Preminger (in French). Paris: Seghers. OCLC 2910388. 
  • Pratley, Gerald (1971). The Cinema of Otto Preminger. New York: A.S. Barnes & Co. ISBN . 
  • Preminger, Otto (1977). Preminger: An Autobiography. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. ISBN . 


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