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Open central rounded vowel

Open central rounded vowel
ɒ̈
ɶ̈
ɶ̠
IPA number 313 415
Sound
IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i • y
ɨ • ʉ
ɯ • u
ɪ • ʏ
ɪ̈ • ʊ̈
ɯ̽ • ʊ
e • ø
ɘ • ɵ
ɤ • o
 • ø̞
ə • ɵ̞
ɤ̞ • 
ɛ • œ
ɜ • ɞ
ʌ • ɔ
æ • 
ɐ • ɞ̞
a • ɶ
ä • ɒ̈
ɑ • ɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
This table contains phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]

IPA help • IPA key • chart • Loudspeaker.svg chart with audio •

The open central rounded vowel, or low central rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in few spoken languages. While the International Phonetic Alphabet officially has no dedicated letter for this sound between front [ɶ] and back [ɒ], it is normally written ⟨ɒ⟩. If precision is required, it can be specified by using diacritics, such as centralized ⟨ɒ̈⟩, centralized ⟨ɶ̈⟩ or retracted ⟨ɶ̠⟩, but this is not common.

The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists, perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low".


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Middle Class London lot [lɒ̈ʔ] 'lot' Can be back [ɒ] instead. See English phonology
Irish Ring dialect Allophone of /aː/ between slender consonants. See Irish phonology
Norwegian Østfold dialect bada [bɒ̈ːdɐ] 'to bathe'

  • Its vowel height is open, also known as low, which means the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth – that is, as low as possible in the mouth.
  • Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel.
  • It is rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.
  • Altendorf, Ulrike; Watt, Dominic (2004), "4. The Southeast", in Schneider, Edgar W.; Burridge, Kate; Kortmann, Bernd; Mesthrie, Rajend; Upton, Clive, A handbook of varieties of English, 1: Phonology, Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 181–196, ISBN  
  • Breatnach, Risteard B. (1947), The Irish of Ring, Co. Waterford, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, ISBN  
  • Jahr, Ernst Håkon (1990), Den Store dialektboka, Oslo: Novus, ISBN  
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