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|Near-close near-front rounded vowel|
|IPA vowel chart|
|Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded|
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IPA help • IPA key • chart • chart with audio •
|Near-close near-front protruded vowel|
The near-close near-front rounded vowel, or near-high near-front rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʏ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is Y.
The Handbook of the International Phonetic Association defines [ʏ] as a mid-centralized (lowered and centralized) close front rounded vowel, therefore, an alternative transcription of this vowel is ⟨y̽⟩ (a symbol equivalent to a more complex ⟨ÿ˕⟩).
The very rare near-close front rounded vowel, which differs from its near-front counterpart in that it is a lowered, but not centralized close front rounded vowel has been reported by one source as a phonetic realization of Standard Eastern Norwegian /ʏ/. It is transcribed in IPA as ⟨ʏ̟⟩, ⟨y˕⟩ or ⟨ø̝⟩ (this article uses ⟨ʏ̟⟩).
The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, though many linguists prefer the terms "high" and "low".
In most languages this rounded vowel is pronounced with compressed lips (in an exolabial manner). However, in a few cases the lips are protruded (in an endolabial manner). This is the case with Swedish, which contrasts the two types of rounding.
|Dutch||Standard||fuut||[fʏt]||'grebe'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨y⟩. The quality of this vowel has also described as [ʉ̞] and [y̠]. See Dutch phonology|
|Some dialects||rug||[rʏx]||'back'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ʏ⟩ or, more rarely, with ⟨ʉ⟩, ⟨ɵ⟩ or ⟨œ⟩. It corresponds to [ø̠] (also described as [ɵ] and [ʊ̈]) in Standard Dutch. See Dutch phonology|
|English||Estuary||foot||[fʏʔt]||'foot'||Possible realization of /ʊ/ and, in Estuary and West County English, also /uː/. See English phonology|
|New Zealand||nurse||[nʏːs]||'nurse'||Possible realization of /ɵː/ (and also /ʉː/). See New Zealand English phonology|
|Ulster||mule||[mjʏl]||'mule'||Short allophone of /u/; occurs only after /j/. See English phonology|
|Faroese||krúss||[kɹʏsː]||'mug'||See Faroese phonology|
|French||Quebec||lune||[lʏn]||'moon'||Allophone of /y/ in closed syllables. See Quebec French phonology|
|German||Standard||schützen||[ˈʃʏt͡sn̩]||'protect'||See German phonology|
|Southern Bernese||Corresponds to [œi̯] in the city of Bern. See Bernese German phonology|
|Hungarian||üt||[ʏt̪]||'to hit'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨y⟩. See Hungarian phonology|
|Limburgish||Hamont dialect||bul||[bʏl¹]||'a paper bag'||May be transcribed in IPA with ⟨y⟩. See Hamont dialect phonology|
|Weert dialect||Allophone of /øə/ before nasals.|
|Ripuarian||Colognian||üch||[ʏɧ]||See Colognian phonology|
|Kerkrade dialect||kümme||[ˈkʏmə]||Realized as fully close [y] in the word-final position.|
|Swedish||Central Standard||ut||[ʏβ̞t̪]||'out'||May be central [ʉː] in other dialects. See Swedish phonology|
|Turkish||atasözü||[ät̪äˈs̪ø̞̈z̪ʏ]||'proverb'||Allophone of /y/ described variously as "word-final" and "occurring in final open syllable of a phrase". See Turkish phonology|
|Norwegian||Standard Eastern||nytt||[nʏ̫tː]||'new'||Described variously as near-front and front. See Norwegian phonology|
|Swedish||Central Standard||ylle||[ˈʏ̫̂lːɛ̝̂]||'wool'||See Swedish phonology|
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