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Medina

Medina
المدينة المنورة
Al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah

Yathrib
يثرب
The Radiant City
Medina is located in Saudi Arabia
Medina
Medina
Location in Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: 24°28′N 39°36′E / 24.467°N 39.600°E / 24.467; 39.600Coordinates: 24°28′N 39°36′E / 24.467°N 39.600°E / 24.467; 39.600
Country Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia
Region Al Madinah
Government
 • Mayor Khalid Taher
 • Regional Governor Faisal bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Area
 • City 589 km2 (227 sq mi)
 • Urban 293 km2 (113 sq mi)
Elevation 608 m (1,995 ft)
Population (2010)
 • City 1,183,205
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
 • Urban 785,204
Time zone Arabia Standard Time (UTC+3)
Website http://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/default/files/ar-maddinah_1.pdf

Medina (/məˈdnə/; Arabic: المدينة المنورة‎‎, al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah, "the radiant city"; or المدينة, al-Madīnah (Hejazi pronunciation: [almaˈdiːna]), "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia that is also the capital of the Al Madinah Region. The city contains al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's Mosque"), which is the burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and is the second-holiest city in Islam after Mecca.

Medina was Muhammad's destination after his Hijrah from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim Empire, first under Muhammad's leadership, and then under the first four Rashidun caliphs, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. It served as the power base of Islam in its first century where the early Muslim community developed. Medina is home to the three oldest mosques, namely the Quba Mosque, al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Masjid al-Qiblatayn ("the mosque of the two qiblas"). Muslims believe that the chronologically final surahs of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad in Medina, and are called Medinan surahs in contrast to the earlier Meccan surahs.


Climate data for Medina (1985–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
36.6
(97.9)
40.0
(104)
43.0
(109.4)
46.0
(114.8)
47.0
(116.6)
49.0
(120.2)
48.4
(119.1)
46.4
(115.5)
42.8
(109)
36.8
(98.2)
32.2
(90)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
26.6
(79.9)
30.6
(87.1)
35.3
(95.5)
39.6
(103.3)
42.9
(109.2)
42.9
(109.2)
43.7
(110.7)
42.3
(108.1)
37.3
(99.1)
30.6
(87.1)
26.0
(78.8)
35.2
(95.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
20.2
(68.4)
23.9
(75)
28.5
(83.3)
33.0
(91.4)
36.3
(97.3)
36.5
(97.7)
37.1
(98.8)
35.6
(96.1)
30.4
(86.7)
24.2
(75.6)
19.8
(67.6)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
13.4
(56.1)
16.8
(62.2)
21.2
(70.2)
25.5
(77.9)
28.4
(83.1)
29.1
(84.4)
29.9
(85.8)
27.9
(82.2)
22.9
(73.2)
17.7
(63.9)
13.6
(56.5)
21.5
(70.7)
Record low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
3.0
(37.4)
7.0
(44.6)
11.5
(52.7)
14.0
(57.2)
21.7
(71.1)
22.0
(71.6)
23.0
(73.4)
18.2
(64.8)
11.6
(52.9)
9.0
(48.2)
3.0
(37.4)
1.0
(33.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.3
(0.248)
3.1
(0.122)
9.8
(0.386)
9.6
(0.378)
5.1
(0.201)
0.1
(0.004)
1.1
(0.043)
4.0
(0.157)
0.4
(0.016)
2.5
(0.098)
10.4
(0.409)
7.8
(0.307)
60.2
(2.37)
Average rainy days 2.6 1.4 3.2 4.1 2.9 0.1 0.4 1.5 0.6 2.0 3.3 2.5 24.6
Average relative humidity (%) 38 31 25 22 17 12 14 16 14 19 32 38 23
Source: Jeddah Regional Climate Center

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