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Dilithium carbonate, Carbolith, Cibalith-S, Duralith, Eskalith, Lithane, Lithizine, Lithobid, Lithonate, Lithotabs Priadel, Zabuyelite
3D model (Jmol)
|Appearance||Odorless white powder|
|Melting point||723 °C (1,333 °F; 996 K)|
|Boiling point||1,310 °C (2,390 °F; 1,580 K)
decomposes from ~1300 °C
|1.54 g/100 mL (0 °C)
1.43 g/100 mL (10 °C)
1.29 g/100 mL (25 °C)
1.08 g/100 mL (40 °C)
0.69 g/100 mL (100 °C)
|Solubility||Insoluble in acetone, ammonia, alcohol|
Refractive index (nD)
|Viscosity||4.64 cP (777 °C)
3.36 cP (817 °C)
Std enthalpy of
Gibbs free energy (ΔfG˚)
|Safety data sheet||ICSC 1109|
|GHS signal word||Warning|
EU classification (DSD)
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (median dose)
|525 mg/kg (oral, rat)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
For the treatment of bipolar disorder, it is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system.
Lithium carbonate is an important industrial chemical. It forms low-melting fluxes with silica and other materials. Glasses derived from lithium carbonate are useful in ovenware. Lithium carbonate is a common ingredient in both low-fire and high-fire ceramic glaze. Its alkaline properties are conducive to changing the state of metal oxide colorants in glaze particularly red iron oxide (Fe
3). Cement sets more rapidly when prepared with lithium carbonate, and is useful for tile adhesives. When added to aluminium trifluoride, it forms LiF which gives a superior electrolyte for the processing of aluminium. It is also used in the manufacture of most lithium-ion battery cathodes, which are made of lithium cobalt oxide.
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