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List of people considered a founder in a Humanities field


Those known as the father, mother, or considered a founder in a Humanities field are those who have made important contributions to that field. In some fields several people are considered the founders, while in others the title of being the "father" is debatable.

Ferdinand de Saussure
Noam Chomsky

Lucian of Samosata

Jules Verne

H. G. Wells

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

John Locke

Lanfranc of Canterbury
Anselm of Canterbury
Peter Abelard

Book: Sic et non


Subject Father / mother Reason
Anime Ōten Shimokawa
Jun'ichi Kōuchi
Seitaro Kitayama
Danish painting Nikolaj Abraham Abildgaard
Modern fashion photography Norman Parkinson For taking his models and photoshoots beyond the confines of the studio.
Gothic architecture Abbot Suger Built the first Gothic church at the Abbey of St Dennis
Manga Osamu Tezuka
Oil painting Jan van Eyck For experimenting with the medium to remarkable effect
Photojournalism Mathew Brady
Pop art Richard Hamilton
Scottish country dancing Francis Peacock
Stop-motion clay animation Art Clokey
Subject Father / mother Reason
Spam Gary Thuerk Penned the first message that advertised the availability of a new model of Digital Equipment Corporation computers to 393 recipients on ARPANET in 1978.
Subject Father / mother Reason
Ecclesiastical history Eusebius of Caesarea Because of his work in recording the history of the early Christian church
French history André Duchesne
Historiography Ibn Khaldun Muqaddimah (Prolegomena) (1377)
History Herodotus
Thucydides
The Histories
History of the Peloponnesian War
History of science George Sarton Founded Isis (1912) and wrote Introduction to the History of Science (1927)
Modern history Leonardo Bruni
Philosophy of history Ibn Khaldun Muqaddimah (Prolegomena) (1377)
Public administration Woodrow Wilson "The Study of Administration" in Political Science Quarterly, June 1887.
Subject Father / mother Reason
Criminal identification Alphonse Bertillon Created a database for criminals
Fingerprinting Juan Vucetic
Subject Father / mother Reason
American folklore Richard Dorson
American literature Mark Twain
English literature Geoffrey Chaucer
English poetry Geoffrey Chaucer
Epic poetry Homer
Finnish written language Mikael Agricola
German literature Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Grammar Pāṇini Wrote the Ashtadhyayi
Greek tragedy Aeschylus
Modern Hebrew language Eliezer Ben Yehuda
Italian language Dante Alighieri
Italian literature Dante Alighieri
Letters (messages) Francis I of France
Linguistics (early) Pāṇini Wrote the Ashtadhyayi
Linguistics (modern)

Ferdinand de Saussure
Noam Chomsky

Modern fantasy literature J. R. R. Tolkien
Novel Homer
Science fiction Mary Shelley

Lucian of Samosata

Jules Verne

H. G. Wells

Science fiction magazine Hugo Gernsback
Spanish language Antonio de Nebrija
Urdu Maulvi Abdul Haq
Subject Father / mother Reason
Civil law Justinian I
European patent law Kurt Haertel
International law Alberico Gentili
Francisco de Vitoria
Hugo Grotius
For speculating on human rights and the proper relations that ought to exist between nations
Russian jurisprudence Semyon Efimovich Desnitsky Russian social and political theorist (18th century)
United States Constitution James Madison He played a large role in its drafting and ratification. One of the authors of The Federalist. Also drafter of the Bill of Rights.
Subject Father / mother Reason
Ambient music Erik Satie
American music Stephen Foster Recognized internationally for his compositions which are still being performed in various venues. His most notable works include Oh Susanna, Camptown Races and Old Folks at Home.
American piano manufacture Jonas Chickering
Blues Ma Rainey
Bluegrass music Bill Monroe
Chicago blues / electric blues Muddy Waters
Contemporary a cappella Deke Sharon
Country music Jimmie Rodgers
Death metal Chuck Schuldiner
Disco Mel Cheren (Godfather)
Giorgio Moroder
English cathedral music Thomas Tallis
Funk George Clinton ("Godfather")
Gospel music Thomas A. Dorsey
Gothic rock Peter Murphy ("Godfather")
G-Funk Dr. Dre
Greek music Terpander
Grunge Neil Young
Heavy metal Ozzy Osbourne/Tony Iommi Both are also known as "godfathers of heavy metal".
Italo disco Alexander Robotnick (Godfather)
Punk rock Patti Smith (godmother)
Jazz Buddy Bolden
Jelly Roll Morton
Theodore August Metz
Modern jazz piano Earl "Fatha" Hines
Reggae Frederick "Toots" Hibbert
Rock and roll Chuck Berry
Rock music in China Cui Jian
Soul music James Brown (godfather)
Symphony and string quartet Joseph Haydn
Thrash metal James Hetfield
Subject Father / mother Reason
Vogue Willi Ninja Godfather
Subject Father / mother Reason
Anarchism Mikhail Bakunin

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

Behaviorism John B. Watson
Cynicism (school of thought) Diogenes of Sinope
Epicureanism Epicurus
Epistemology Xenophanes
Existentialism Søren Kierkegaard
Feminism Mary Wollstonecraft
Faith missions Anthony Norris Groves
Humanism Petrarch
Islamic logic Al-Farabi
Liberalism Baruch Spinoza

John Locke

Logical positivism Moritz Schlick
Methodism John Wesley
Moral philosophy Thomas Aquinas
Protestantism (Lutheranism) Martin Luther
Scholasticism John Scotus Erigena

Lanfranc of Canterbury
Anselm of Canterbury
Peter Abelard

Book: Sic et non

Scholasticism (Protestant) Hugo Grotius
Secularism Averroes
Socialism Karl Marx
Robert Owen
Thomism Thomas Aquinas
Zionism Theodor Herzl

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Wikipedia

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