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Lagos

Lagos
  • Èkó
Metropolis
Lagos Metropolitan Area
Nickname(s): ""Eko akete"" Lasgidi
Motto: Èkó ò ní bàjé o!
Lagos shown within the State of Lagos
Lagos shown within the State of Lagos
Lagos is located in Nigeria
Lagos
Lagos
Lagos shown within Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°27′18″N 3°23′03″E / 6.455027°N 3.384082°E / 6.455027; 3.384082Coordinates: 6°27′18″N 3°23′03″E / 6.455027°N 3.384082°E / 6.455027; 3.384082
Country  Nigeria
State Lagos
LGA(s)
Settled 15th century
Founded by Awori subgroup of the Yoruba
Government
 • Oba Rilwan Akiolu I
Area
 • Metropolis 1,171 km2 (452 sq mi)
 • Land 1,000 km2 (400 sq mi)
 • Water 172 km2 (66 sq mi)
 • Urban 907 km2 (350 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,707 km2 (1,045 sq mi)
Elevation 41 m (135 ft)
Population (2006 census)
 • Metropolis 8,048,430
 • Estimate (2012 by LASG) 16,060,303
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 6,871/km2 (17,800/sq mi)
 • Urban 13,123,000
 • Urban density 14,469/km2 (37,470/sq mi)
 • Metro 21,000,000 (estimated)
 • Metro density 7,759/km2 (20,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Lagosian
Time zone WAT (UTC+1) (UTC+1)
Area code(s) 010
Climate Aw
Nominal GDP ~$50 billion

Lagos /ˈlɡɒs/ (Yoruba: Èkó) is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos. The city, with its adjoining conurbation, is the largest in Nigeria, as well as on the African continent. It is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and also one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. Lagos is a major financial centre in Africa; the megacity has the highest GDP, and also houses one of the largest and busiest ports on the continent.

Lagos initially emerged as a port city which originated on a collection of islands, which are contained in the present day Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Lagos Island, Eti-Osa, Amuwo-Odofin and Apapa; the islands are separated by creeks, fringing the southwest mouth of Lagos Lagoon, while protected from the Atlantic Ocean by barrier islands and long sand spits such as Bar Beach, which stretch up to 100 km (60 mi) east and west of the mouth. Due to rapid urbanization, the city expanded to the west of the lagoon to include areas in the present day Lagos Mainland, Ajeromi-Ifelodun and Surulere. This led to the classification of Lagos into two main areas - the Island, which was the initial city of Lagos, before it expanded into the area known as the Mainland. This city area was governed directly by the Federal Government through the Lagos City Council, until the creation of Lagos State in 1967, which led to the splitting of Lagos city into the present day seven Local Government Areas (LGAs), and an addition of other towns (which now make up 13 LGAs) from the then Western Region, to form the state.


Climate data for Lagos (Murtala Muhammed International Airport) 1961–1990, extremes: 1886–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.0
(104)
37.1
(98.8)
37.0
(98.6)
39.6
(103.3)
37.0
(98.6)
37.6
(99.7)
33.2
(91.8)
33.0
(91.4)
33.2
(91.8)
33.7
(92.7)
39.9
(103.8)
36.4
(97.5)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 32.2
(90)
33.2
(91.8)
32.9
(91.2)
32.2
(90)
30.9
(87.6)
29.3
(84.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.9
(84)
30.3
(86.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.8
(89.2)
30.8
(87.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
25.0
(77)
25.5
(77.9)
26.4
(79.5)
27.2
(81)
27.2
(81)
26.8
(80.2)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
23.7
(74.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.2
(73.8)
21.9
(71.4)
22.3
(72.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.4
(72.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
22.8
(73)
Record low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
16.1
(61)
14.0
(57.2)
14.9
(58.8)
20.0
(68)
21.2
(70.2)
15.0
(59)
19.0
(66.2)
13.0
(55.4)
17.9
(64.2)
11.1
(52)
11.6
(52.9)
11.1
(52)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.2
(0.52)
40.6
(1.598)
84.3
(3.319)
146.3
(5.76)
202.4
(7.969)
315.5
(12.421)
243.0
(9.567)
121.7
(4.791)
160.0
(6.299)
125.1
(4.925)
39.7
(1.563)
14.8
(0.583)
1,506.6
(59.315)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.5 2.8 6.6 9.0 12.5 16.2 13.2 11.6 12.7 11.2 4.9 2.1 104.3
Average relative humidity (%) 81 79 76 82 84 87 87 85 86 87 84 82 83
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.3 168.0 173.6 180.0 176.7 114.0 99.2 108.5 114.0 167.4 186.0 192.2 1,843.9
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst (humidity, 1952–1967), NOAA (sun)
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)
The 16 LGAs of Metropolitan Lagos
Local Government Area Land area
(in km²)
Population
(2006 Census)
Density
(inh. per km²)
Agege 17 459,939 41,071
Ajeromi-Ifelodun 13.9 684,105 55,474
Alimosho 137.8 1,277,714 6,899
Amuwo-Odofin 179.1 318,166 2,364
Apapa 38.5 217,362 8,153
Eti-Osa 299.1 287,785 1,496
Ifako-Ijaiye 43 427,878 16,078
Ikeja 49.92 313,196 6,785
Kosofe 84.4 665,393 8,174
Lagos Island 9.26 209,437 24,182
Lagos Mainland 19.62 317,720 16,322
Mushin 14.05 633,009 36,213
Ojo 182 598,071 3,781
Oshodi-Isolo 41.98 621,509 13,886
Somolu 14.6 402,673 34,862
Surulere 27.05 503,975 21,912
Metropolitan Lagos 1,171.28 7,937,932 7,941

  • Èkó
  • Yaba College of Technology (YABATECH) : founded in 1934, the college is Nigeria's first higher educational institution and third in Africa. The college is a center of culture and heritage. Currently it has student enrolment of over 16,000.
  • Lagos State Polytechnic is a polytechnic comprising more than six schools including private polytechnics and was founded 25 years ago. Its main campus resides at Ikorodu, along Shagamu road.
  • Lagos City Polytechnic, located at 6/8, Bashiru Oweh Street, Off Simbiat Abiola Road (formerly Medical Road),Ikeja – This is the first private Polytechnic in Nigeria. It was established in 1990 by Engr. Babatunde Odufuwa. Engr. Odufuwa hails from Oke-Aye in Ijebu North East Local Government Area (I.N.E.L.G) of Ogun State.
  • Grace Polytechnic
  • Wolex Polytechnic
  • Federal College of Fisheries and Marine Technology is a monotechnic that offers courses in fisheries technology, general science, marine engineering and nautical science.
  • Federal College of Education (tech) Akoka
  • The University of Lagos (UNILAG) Akoka, is a large institution dating from 1962, with over 55,000 students. It comprises 13 faculties, run by over 4,000 staff.
  • Lagos State University (LASU) is a multi-campus university established in the year 1984 and owned by the Lagos State government. The main campus is located at Ojo, along the Lagos-Badagry Expressway.
  • Pan-African University is primarily a business school, offering two MBA programmes. Founded in 1996 and awarded University status in 2002, it consists of the Lagos Business School and of Enterprise Development Services. The University also places some emphasis on the study of art, running the Virtual Museum of Modern Nigerian Art.
  • National Open University of Nigeria is the first open university in Nigeria; it is located on Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos.
  • Caleb University is a private university located at Imota, Lagos.
  • Lagos State College of Health Technology (LASCOHET) is an institution that runs health courses such as Health Information Management, Pharmacist Tech, Medical Laboratory Tech, Community Health Extension, and Environmental Health Technology; it is located in Yaba.
  • Lagos State University College of Medicine (LASUCOM), Ikeja
  • Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idi-Araba-Mushin, Lagos.
...
Wikipedia

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