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Krausism


Krausism is a doctrine named after the German philosopher Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781-1832) that advocates doctrinal tolerance and academic freedom from dogma.

This philosophy was widespread in Restoration Spain, where it reached its maximum practical development thanks to the work of his promotor, Julián Sanz del Rio, and the Free Institution of Education led by Francisco Giner de los Ríos, and the contribution of a great jurist Federico Castro.

One of the philosophers of identity, Krause endeavoured to reconcile the ideas of a monotheistic singular God understood by faith with a pantheistic or empirical understanding of the world.

Divinity, which is intuitively known by conscience is not a personality (which implies limitations), but an all-inclusive essence (Wesen), which contains the universe within itself.

This system he called panentheism, a combination of monotheism and pantheism. His theory of the world and of humanity is universal and idealistic.

The Spanish krausism was a cultural movement that was rooted in the nineteenth century publication of Krause's personal version the dominant idealism which was largely overshadowed in his native Germany by the prestige of its leading figures: Fichte, Schelling, and especially Hegel.



Bibliografía sobre el krausismo en América
Bibliografía sobre el krausismo en América
  • José Luis Gómez Martínez, "El krausismo en el mundo Hispano"
  • Arturo Ardao, Espiritualismo y positivismo en el Uruguay: Filosofías universitarias de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX (1950).
  • José Luis Gómez Martínez, “Pensamiento hispanoamericano: el caso del krausismo”, Actas del II Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía Española, ed. Antonio Heredia Soriano (1982), pp. 155-172.
  • Fundación Friedrich Ebert, Instituto Fe y Secularidad, El krausismo y su influencia en América Latina (1989).
  • José Luis Gómez Martínez, “Pensamiento hispanoamericano: el caso del krausismo”, Actas del II Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía Española, ed. Antonio Heredia Soriano (1982), pp. 155-172.
  • Arturo Andrés Roig, Los krausistas argentinos (1969).
  • Otto Carlos Stoetzer, Karl Christian Friedrich Krause and his influence in the Hispanic World. (1998) ()
  • Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, El krausismo y su influencia en América Latina (1989).
  • Thomas Ward, La teoría literaria: romanticismo, krausismo y modernismo ante la globalización industrial (2004).
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Wikipedia

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