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|District of Rajasthan|
Location of Karauli district in Rajasthan
|Administrative division||Bharatpur Division|
|• District collector||Mr. Manoj Sharma, I.A.S.|
|• Total||5,043 km2 (1,947 sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||861|
The population of the district is 1,458,248 (2011 census), indicating a population density is 264 persons per km2.
The district of Karauli encompasses an area of 5043 km2. It is bordered by Dholpur District to the east; by Bharatpur District to the north-east; by Dausa District to the north; and by Sawai Madhopur District to the west.
The Chambal River forms the south-eastern boundary of the district, 5 km from Mandrayal across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. While almost the entire district is covered by hills and ravines, there are no lofty peaks, the highest having an elevation of less than 1400 feet above sea level.
Good grade stone and some iron ore comprise the mineral resources of the area.
Karauli is famous for its geographical specialities and is full of natural beauty and covered by Vindhyanchal and Aravali mountains. The district has all sorts of plain, high and low and hilly parts. The plains are very fertile and clay is very lightweight and sandy. There are many local rivers in the district. Annual rainfall is 668.86 mm, about 35 days in a year. Maximum temperature is 49 °C in May and 2 °C in January.
Karauli is one of the holiest city of India as there are more than 300 temples. According to the ancient history, region of Karauli was under Matsya Kingdom before the 11th century. It is to be highly noted that Raja Bijai Pal, a Jadon Rajput, founded the modern princely state Karauli in 995. The local legends and Hindu scholars believe that he was the 88th in descent of Lord Krishna.
On the other hand, historians and scholars cite that it was Maharaja Arjun Dev Yadav who founded the princely state of Karauli in 1348. It is to be remembered that till the 19th century, Karauli was an independent principality. In 1818, this region came under the direct rule of the Rajputana Agency.
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