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|The Lord Boyd-Orr|
|Born||John Boyd Orr
23 September 1880
Kilmaurs, East Ayrshire
|Died||25 June 1971
University of Glasgow
Rowett Research Institute
Food and Agriculture Organization
|Alma mater||University of Glasgow|
|Doctoral advisor||E.P. Cathcart|
|Known for||wartime nutrition|
Diarmid Noel Paton
|Notable awards||Bellahouston Gold Medal
Nobel Peace Prize
Fellow of the Royal Society
John Boyd Orr, 1st Baron Boyd-Orr CH, DSO, MC, FRS (23 September 1880 – 25 June 1971), known as Sir John Boyd Orr from 1935 to 1949, was a Scottish teacher, doctor, biologist and politician who received the Nobel Peace Prize for his scientific research into nutrition and his work as the first Director-General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). He was the co-founder and the first President (1960–1971) of the World Academy of Art and Science (WAAS).
John Boyd Orr was born at Kilmaurs, near Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland, the middle child in a family of seven children. His father, Robert Clark Orr, was a quarry owner, and a man of deep religious convictions, being a member of the Free Church of Scotland. His mother, Annie Boyd, was the daughter of another quarry master, wealthier than Robert Orr, and grandmaster of a Freemason's Lodge.
The family home was well supplied with books, and his father was widely read in political, sociological and metaphysical subjects, as well as religion. As he grew older, John would regularly discuss these subjects with his father, brothers, and visiting friends. There was also family worship each evening.
When John was five years old, the family suffered a setback when a ship owned by Robert Orr was lost at sea. They had to sell their home in Kilmaurs, and moved to West Kilbride, a village on the North Ayrshire coast. According to Kay, the new house and environment were a great improvement on Kilmaurs, despite the family's reduced means. The major part of his upbringing took place in and around West Kilbride. He attended the village school until he was thirteen. Religion was then an important part of junior education in Scotland, and the school gave him a good knowledge of the Bible, which stayed with him for the rest of his life.
Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt
Rector of the University of Glasgow
Sir Daniel Macaulay Stevenson
Chancellor of the University of Glasgow
Sir Alexander Cairncross
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
George Alexander Morrison and
Sir John Anderson and
Member of Parliament for Combined Scottish Universities
With: Sir John Anderson
Walter Elliot and
Sir John Anderson and
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
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