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James Mourilyan Tanner

James Mourilyan Tanner
Born (1920-08-01)August 1, 1920
Camberley, Surrey, United Kingdom
Died August 11, 2010(2010-08-11) (aged 90)
Cause of death stroke and prostate cancer
Occupation pediatric endocrinologist
Known for Tanner Staging
Children Helen Phillips

James Mourilyan Tanner (1 August 1920 – 11 August 2010) was a British pediatric endocrinologist who was best known for his development of the Tanner scale, which measures the stages of sexual development during puberty. He was a professor emeritus of the Institute of Child Health at the University of London.

Tanner was born on 1 August 1920 in Camberley, Surrey, United Kingdom and was educated at Marlborough College and University College of the South West of England. His family travelled widely while he was a youth because his father, a soldier in the British Army, was stationed in various locations. Tanner was a top-ranked hurdler who might well have participated in the 1940 Summer Olympics which were to be held in London, but were cancelled after the outbreak of World War II. He decided to become a doctor and not follow his father into the military after his brother was killed early in the war. He attended St Mary's Hospital, London, under a scholarship in which he instructed fellow students in physical education. He went to the United States to complete his medical studies as part of a group of British students funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. He met his first wife, fellow physician Bernice Alture, while at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and performed his internship at Johns Hopkins Hospital.



  • Growth at Adolescence, 2nd ed. (1962) Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.
  • Tanner, James M.; Taylor, Gordon Rattray (1965). Growth. Life Science Library. New York: TIME Inc. OCLC 780951. 
  • J.M. Tanner & Frank Falkner, eds. (1979). Neurobiology and nutrition. Human Growth. Vol.3. New York: Plenum Press. ISBN . 
  • . (1988). "Section III - Human Growth and Constitution: Chapters 14-19". In Harrison, G.A. Tanner, J.M; Pilbeam, D.R; & Baker, P.T. Human Biology: An Introduction to Human Evolution, Variation, Growth, and Adaptability (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN . 
  • Fetus into Man: Physical Growth from Conception to Maturity (1989 Revised and enlarged ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. First published 1978. ISBN .  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • J.M. Tanner & M.A. Preece, eds. (1989). The physiology of human growth. Society for the Study of Human Biology Symposium 29. Cambridge (England); New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN .  Transferred to digital printing 2002.
  • Tanner, James M.; Eveleth, Phyllis B (1990). Worldwide variation in human growth (2nd ed.). Cambridge (England); New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN .  Transferred to digital printing 2003.
  • . (1994). "Human growth and development". In Jones, Steve; Martin, Robert D.; Pilbeam, David R (Editors). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human evolution. Cambridge University Press. pp. 98–105. ISBN . 
  • . (2000). "A brief history of the study of human growth; North American longitudinal growth studies; European longitudinal growth studies". In Stanley J. Ulijaszek, Francis E. Johnston, M. A. Preece (Editors). The Cambridge encyclopedia of human growth and development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 2–18. ISBN . 
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