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|Formation||17 July 1912|
|215 member federations|
The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics. It was founded on 17 July 1912 as the International Amateur Athletics Federation by representatives from 17 national athletics federations at the organization's first congress in . Since October 1993, it has been headquartered in Monaco.
Beginning in 1982, the IAAF passed several amendments to its rules to allow athletes to receive compensation for participating in international competitions. However, the organization retained the word amateur in its name until its 2001 congress, at which it changed its name to International Association of Athletics Federations.
The process to found the IAAF was started at a meeting in Stockholm, Sweden on July 17, 1912 soon after the completion of the 1912 Summer Olympics in that city. Here 27 representatives from 17 national federations agreed to meet at a congress in Germany the following year overseen by Sigfrid Edström who was to become the fledgling organisation's first president. The congress that started on August 20, 1913 in Berlin is when the foundation of the IAAF was formally completed.
In 2015, a whistleblower leaked IAAF's blood test records from major competitions. The records revealed that, between 2001 and 2012, athletes with suspicious drug test results won a third of the medals in endurance events at the Olympics and World Championships—a total of 146 medals including 55 golds—but the IAAF caught none of them. After reviewing the results, Robin Parisotto, a scientist and leading "anti-doping" expert, said, "Never have I seen such an alarmingly abnormal set of blood values. So many athletes appear to have doped with impunity, and it is damning that the IAAF appears to have idly sat by and let this happen." Craig Reedie, president of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), said his organisation was "very disturbed by these new allegations ... which will, once again, shake the foundation of clean athletes worldwide", and that its "independent commission will investigate the claims".
|Lord Burghley (later Lord Exeter)||United Kingdom||1946–1976|
|Lord Coe||United Kingdom||2015–|
|IAAF World Championships in Athletics||Every two years||1983|
|IAAF World Indoor Championships in Athletics||Every two years||1985|
|IAAF World Cross Country Championships||Every two years||1973|
|IAAF World Half Marathon Championships||Every two years||1992|
|IAAF World U20 Championships||Every two years||1986|
|IAAF World U18 Championships in Athletics||Every two years||1999|
|IAAF World Race Walking Cup||Every two years||1961|
|IAAF World Marathon Cup||Every two years||1985|
|IAAF Continental Cup†||Every four years||1977|
|IAAF World Relays||Every year||2014|
|IAAF Diamond League||2010|
|IAAF World Challenge Meetings||2010|
|IAAF World Indoor Tour||2016|
|IAAF Label Road Races|
|IAAF Cross Country Permit Meetings|
|IAAF World Combined Events Challenge||1998|
|IAAF World Race Walking Challenge||2003|
|IAAF Indoor Permit Meetings||2015|
|IAAF World Athletics Tour||2009|
|IAAF Golden League||2009|
|IAAF Super Grand Prix||2009|
|IAAF Grand Prix||2009|
|IAAF World Athletics Final||2009|
|IAAF World Road Running Championships||2007|
|IAAF Grand Prix Final||2002|
|IAAF World Cross Challenge||2000|
|IAAF World Road Relay Championships||1998|
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