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Green iguana

Green iguana
Green iguana (Iguana iguana).JPG
The Pantanal, Brazil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Iguanidae
Genus: Iguana
Species: I. iguana
Binomial name
Iguana iguana
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Iguana iguana distribution map.png
Synonyms
  • Iguana iguana rhinolopha Wiegman, 1834
  • Lacerta Igvana Linnaeus, 1758
  • Hypsilophus tuberculatus Wagler 1830
  • Iguana hernandessi Jan 1857
  • Iguana iguana rhinolopha Wiegman, 1834
  • Hypsilophus rhinolophus Fitzinger, 1843
  • Iguana rhinolopha Dumeril & Bibron, 1837
  • Iguana rhinolophus Günther, 1885

The green iguana (Iguana iguana), also known as the American iguana, is a large, arboreal, mostly herbivorous species of lizard of the genus Iguana. It is native to Central, South America, and the Caribbean. Usually, this animal is simply called the iguana. The green iguana ranges over a large geographic area, from southern Brazil and Paraguay as far north as Mexico and the Caribbean Islands. They have been introduced from South America to Puerto Rico and are very common throughout the island, where they are colloquially known as "Gallina de palo" and considered an invasive species; in the United States feral populations also exist in South Florida (including the Florida Keys), Hawaii, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the Rio Grande Valley of Texas.

An herbivore, it has adapted significantly with regard to locomotion and osmoregulation as a result of its diet. It grows to 1.5 meters (4.9 ft) in length from head to tail, although a few specimens have grown more than 2 metres (6.6 ft) with bodyweights upward of 20 pounds (9.1 kg).

Commonly found in captivity as a pet due to its calm disposition and bright colors, it can be very demanding to care for properly. Space requirements and the need for special lighting and heat can prove challenging to an amateur hobbyist.



  • Iguana iguana rhinolopha Wiegman, 1834
  • Lacerta Igvana Linnaeus, 1758
  • Hypsilophus tuberculatus Wagler 1830
  • Iguana hernandessi Jan 1857
  • Iguana iguana rhinolopha Wiegman, 1834
  • Hypsilophus rhinolophus Fitzinger, 1843
  • Iguana rhinolopha Dumeril & Bibron, 1837
  • Iguana rhinolophus Günther, 1885
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Wikipedia

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