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Germany

Federal Republic of Germany
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Flag of Germany
Coat of arms of Germany
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
"Unity and Justice and Freedom" (de facto)
Anthem: Deutschlandlied
(English: "Song of Germany")
(third verse only)
Location of  Germany  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Berlin
52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official languages German
Ethnic groups (2012)
Religion
Demonym German
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Joachim Gauck
Angela Merkel
Norbert Lammert
Malu Dreyer
Andreas Voßkuhle
Legislature
Bundesrat
Bundestag
Formation
2 February 962
8 June 1815
18 January 1871
11 August 1919
23 May 1949
1 January 1958
3 October 1990
Area
• Total
357,168 km2 (137,903 sq mi) (63rd)
Population
• 2015 estimate
82,175,700 (16th)
• Density
227/km2 (587.9/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$3.842 trillion (5th)
• Per capita
$47,033 (20th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$3.371 trillion (4th)
• Per capita
$41,267 (20th)
Gini (2014) Negative increase 30.7
medium
HDI (2014) Increase 0.916
very high · 6th
Currency Euro () (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 49
ISO 3166 code DE
Internet TLD .de and .eu
  1. ^ Berlin is the sole constitutional capital and de jure seat of government, but the former provisional capital of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn, has the special title of "federal city" (Bundesstadt) and is the primary seat of six ministries; all government ministries have offices in both cities.

Coordinates: 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Germany (Listeni/ˈɜːrməni/; German: Deutschland, pronounced [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, About this sound listen ), is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular immigration destination in the world. Germany's capital and largest metropolis is Berlin. Other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Düsseldorf.


Woche der Umwelt 2012 (7344500700).jpg Angela Merkel (August 2012) cropped.jpg
Joachim Gauck
President since 2012
Angela Merkel
Chancellor since 2005
State Capital Area (km2) Population Nominal GDP billions EUR in 2015 Nominal GDP per capita EUR in 2015 Nominal GDP per capita USD in 2015
Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart 35,752 10,569,100 461 42,800 47,500
Bavaria Munich 70,549 12,519,600 550 43,100 47,900
Berlin Berlin 892 3,375,200 125 35,700 39,700
Brandenburg Potsdam 29,477 2,449,500 66 26,500 29,500
Bremen Bremen 404 654,800 32 47,600 52,900
Hamburg Hamburg 755 1,734,300 110 61,800 68,800
Hesse Wiesbaden 21,115 6,016,500 264 43,100 47,900
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Schwerin 23,174 1,600,300 40 25,000 27,700
Lower Saxony Hanover 47,618 7,779,000 259 32,900 36,600
North Rhine-Westphalia Düsseldorf 34,043 17,554,300 646 36,500 40,500
Rhineland-Palatinate Mainz 19,847 3,990,300 132 32,800 36,400
Saarland Saarbrücken 2,569 994,300 35 35,400 39,300
Saxony Dresden 18,416 4,050,200 113 27,800 30,900
Saxony-Anhalt Magdeburg 20,445 2,259,400 57 25,200 27,800
Schleswig-Holstein Kiel 15,763 2,806,500 86 31,200 34,700
Thuringia Erfurt 16,172 2,170,500 57 26,400 29,300
Germany Berlin 357,376 82,175,684 3025 37,100 41,200
Rank Name Headquarters Revenue
(bil. €)
Profit
(bil. €)
Employees
(World)
01. Volkswagen Wolfsburg 269 15 593,000
02. Daimler Stuttgart 172 9 280,000
03. E.ON Essen 151 −4 59,000
04. Allianz Munich 137 8 147,000
05. BMW Munich 107 8 116,000
06. Siemens Berlin, Munich 74 6 360,000
07. BASF Ludwigshafen 99 7 113,000
08. Metro Düsseldorf 59 1 228,000
09. Deutsche Telekom Bonn 83 4 228,000
010. Munich Re Munich 82 4 43,000

Government
General information
...
Wikipedia

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