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Location of the Far East, geographically defined
|Literal meaning||Far East|
|Vietnamese alphabet||Viễn Đông|
Malayong Silangan (literal)
IPA: [ˈdalʲnʲɪj vɐˈstok]
|Hanyu Pinyin||Yuǎn Dōng|
|Tongyong Pinyin||Yuǎn Dōng|
|Revised Romanization||Geuk Dong|
The Far East is an alternate geographical term in English (with equivalents in many other languages – see the infobox on the right for examples), that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.South Asia is sometimes also included for economic and cultural reasons.
Since the 1960s, East Asia has become the most common term for the region in international mass media outlets. Far East is often deprecated as archaic and Eurocentric, along with the terms "Near East" and "Middle East".
The term Far East came into use in European geopolitical discourse in the 12th century, denoting the Far East as the "farthest" of the three "easts", beyond the Near East and the Middle East. For the same reason, Chinese people in the 19th and early 20th centuries called Western countries "Tàixī (泰西)"—i.e. anything further west than the Arab world.
Prior to the colonial era, "Far East" referred to anything further east than the Middle East. In the 16th century, King John III of Portugal called India a "rich and interesting country in the Far East (Extremo Oriente)." The term was popularized during the period of the British Empire as a blanket term for lands to the east of British India.
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