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Epicatechin gallate

Epicatechin gallate
Chemical structure of epicatechin gallate
Names
IUPAC name
[(2R,3R)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-3-yl] 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate
Other names
ECG
Epicatechin 3-gallate
(−)-Epicatechin-3-O-gallate
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.116.252
PubChem CID
Properties
C22H18O10
Molar mass 442.37 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N  (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Epicatechin gallate (ECG) is a flavan-3-ol, a type of flavonoid, present in green tea. It is also reported in buckwheat and in grape.

The tea component epicatechin gallate is being researched because in vitro experiments showed it can reverse methicillin resistance in bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus. If confirmed, this means the combined intake of a tea extract containing this component might also enhance the effectiveness of methicillin treatment against some resistant bacteria in vivo.

Epicatechin, as well as many other flavonoids, has been found to act as a non-selective antagonist of the opioid receptors, albeit with somewhat low affinity.




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Wikipedia

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