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Duke of York

Dukedom of York
Coat of Arms of Andrew, Duke of York.svg
Creation date 23 July 1986
Monarch Elizabeth II
Peerage Peerage of the United Kingdom
First holder Edmund of Langley
Present holder Prince Andrew,
Duke of York
Heir apparent none
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles
  • Earl of Inverness
  • Baron Killyleagh

The Duke of York is a title of nobility in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Since the 15th century, it has, when granted, usually been given to the second son of English (later British) monarchs. The equivalent title in the Scottish peerage was Duke of Albany.

Initially granted in the 14th century in the Peerage of England, the title Duke of York has been created eight times. Additionally, the title Duke of York and Albany has been created three times. These occurred during the 18th century, following the 1707 unification of the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into a single, united realm. The double naming was done so that a territorial designation from each of the previously separate realms could be included.

The current Duke of York is Prince Andrew, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II. Prince Andrew currently has no male heirs and has been unmarried since his 1996 divorce.

In medieval times, York was the main city of the North of England and the see of the Archbishop of York from AD 735. Yorkshire was England's largest shire in area.

York under its Viking name "Jorvik" was a petty kingdom in the Early Medieval period. In the interval between the fall of independent Jorvik under Eirik Bloodaxe, last King of Jorvik (d. 954), and the first creation of the Dukedom of York, there were a few Earls of York.


Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
Edmund of Langley
House of York (founder)
1385–1402
also: Earl of Cambridge (1362)
Edmund of Langley 5 June 1341
Kings Langley
son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault
Isabella of Castile
1372
3 children

Joan Holland
no children

1 August 1402
Kings Langley
aged 61

Edward of Norwich
House of York
1402–1415
also: Duke of Aumale (1397–1399), Earl of Cambridge (1362–1414), Earl of Rutland (1390–1402), Earl of Cork (c. 1396)
Edward of Norwich 1373
Norwich
son of Edmund of Langley and Isabella of Castile
Philippa de Mohun
no children
25 October 1415
Agincourt
aged 42
Edward of Norwich's brother, Richard of Conisburgh, had been attainted and executed for treason in August 1415. This attainder stood in the way of his son Richard of York succeeding Edward until the king deemed it prudent to restore them.
Richard (Plantagenet) of York
House of York
1425–1460
also: Lord Protector of England, Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall (1460, see Act of Accord); Earl of Ulster (1264), Earl of March (1328), Earl of Cambridge (1414, restored 1426), feudal Lord of Clare (bt. 1066–1075), Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (1331)
Richarddukeofyork.gif 21 September 1411
son of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge and Anne de Mortimer
Cecily Neville
1437
13 children
30 December 1460
Wakefield
aged 49
Edward Plantagenet
House of York
1460–1461
also: Earl of Ulster (1264), Earl of March (1328), Earl of Cambridge (1414), feudal Lord of Clare (bt. 1066–1075), Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (1331)
Edward Plantagenet 28 April 1442
Rouen
son of Richard of York and Cecily Neville
Elizabeth Woodville
1 May 1464
10 children
9 April 1483
Westminster
aged 40
Edward Plantagenet seized the throne as Edward IV in 1461, and all of his titles merged with the crown.
Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
Richard of Shrewsbury
House of York
1474–1483
also: Duke of Norfolk (1477), Earl of Nottingham (1476), possibly Earl of Warenne (1477)
Richard of Shrewsbury 17 August 1473
Shrewsbury
son of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville
Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk
15 January 1478
no children
unknown
How Prince Richard died is a controversial, frequently debated topic and there is no solid evidence for his date, age or place of death. He was last seen in the Tower of London along with his brother, becoming popularly known as one of the Princes in the Tower. Since he died without issue his titles became extinct.
Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
Henry Tudor (later Henry VIII of England)
House of Tudor
1494–1509
also: Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1504), Duke of Cornwall (1502)
Henry Tudor 28 June 1491
Greenwich Palace
son of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York
Catherine of Aragon
11 June 1509
1 child

Anne Boleyn
25 January 1533
1 child

Jane Seymour
30 May 1536
1 child

Anne of Cleves
6 January 1540
no children

Catherine Howard
28 July 1540
no children

Catherine Parr
12 July 1543
no children

28 January 1547
Whitehall Palace
aged 55
Henry's older brother Arthur, Prince of Wales predeceased their father, so Henry was made Prince of Wales and succeeded his father as Henry VIII in 1509, and all of his titles merged with the crown
Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
Charles Stuart
House of Stuart
1605–1625
also: Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1616), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Rothesay (1398), Duke of Albany, Marquess of Ormond (1600), Earl of Carrick (1398), Earl of Ross (1600), Baron Renfrew (1398), Lord Ardmannoch (1600), Lord of the Isles, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1398)
Charles Stuart 19 November 1600
Dunfermline Palace
son of James VI and I and Anne of Denmark
Henrietta Maria of France
13 June 1625
9 children
30 January 1649
Whitehall Palace
aged 48
Charles' older brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales predeceased their father, so Charles was made Prince of Wales, and went on to succeed as Charles I in 1625, when all of his titles merged with the crown.
Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
James Stuart
House of Stuart
1633/1644–1685
also: Duke of Albany (1660), Earl of Ulster (1659)
James Stuart 14 October 1633
St. James's Palace
son of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France
Anne Hyde
3 September 1660
8 children

Mary of Modena
21 November 1673
7 children
16 September 1701
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye
aged 67
Prince James was styled Duke of York from birth and officially created as such in 1644. When his brother died without legitimate issue, James succeeded as James II & VII in 1685, and his titles merged with the English Crown
Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
Prince George
House of Windsor
1892–1910
also: Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1901), Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick (1398), Earl of Inverness (1892), Baron Renfrew (1398), Baron Killarney (1892), Lord of the Isles, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1398)
Prince George 3 June 1865
Marlborough House
son of Edward VII of the United Kingdom and Alexandra of Denmark
Mary of Teck
6 July 1893
6 children
20 January 1936
Sandringham House
aged 70
Prince George succeeded as George V in 1910 upon his father's death, and his titles merged with the crown
Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
The Prince Albert
House of Windsor
1920–1936
also: Earl of Inverness, Baron Killarney (1920)
Prince Albert in RAF uniform.png 14 December 1895
Sandringham House
son of George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
26 April 1923
2 children
6 February 1952
Sandringham House
aged 56
Prince Albert succeeded as George VI upon his brother's abdication in 1936, and his titles merged with the crown
Name Number Portrait Coronation Death
The Prince Andrew
House of Windsor
1986–present
also: Earl of Inverness, Baron Killyleagh (1986)
Príncipe André do Reino Unido.jpg 19 February 1960
Buckingham Palace
son of Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Sarah Ferguson
23 July 1986 – 30 May 1996
(divorce)
2 children
Incumbent
If Prince Andrew has no legitimate male heirs, which at present he does not, all his titles will become extinct upon his death.

  • Earl of Inverness
  • Baron Killyleagh
...
Wikipedia

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