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Preferred IUPAC name
|3D model (Jmol)||Interactive image|
|Molar mass||62.13 g·mol−1|
|Density||0.846 g cm−3|
|Melting point||−98 °C; −145 °F; 175 K|
|Boiling point||35 to 41 °C; 95 to 106 °F; 308 to 314 K|
|Vapor pressure||53.7 kPa (at 20 °C)|
Refractive index (nD)
Std enthalpy of
|-66.9--63.9 kJ mol−1|
Std enthalpy of
|-2.1818--2.1812 MJ mol−1|
|Safety data sheet||osha.gov|
|GHS signal word||DANGER|
|H225, H315, H318, H335|
|P210, P261, P280, P305+351+338|
EU classification (DSD)
|R-phrases||R11, R22, R37/38, R41|
|S-phrases||S7, S9, S16, S26, S29, S33, S36/39|
|Flash point||−36 °C (−33 °F; 237 K)|
|206 °C (403 °F; 479 K)|
Dimethyl ether (dimethyl oxide)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) or methylthiomethane is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2S. Dimethyl sulfide is a water-insoluble flammable liquid that boils at 37 °C (99 °F) and has a characteristic disagreeable odor. It is a component of the smell produced from cooking of certain vegetables, notably maize, cabbage, beetroot and seafoods. It is also an indication of bacterial contamination in malt production and brewing. It is a breakdown product of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), and is also produced by the bacterial metabolism of methanethiol.
DMS originates primarily from DMSP, a major secondary metabolite in some marine algae. DMS is the most abundant biological sulfur compound emitted to the atmosphere. Emission occurs over the oceans by phytoplankton. DMS is also produced naturally by bacterial transformation of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) waste that is disposed of into sewers, where it can cause environmental odor problems.
DMS is oxidized in the marine atmosphere to various sulfur-containing compounds, such as sulfur dioxide, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), dimethyl sulfone, methanesulfonic acid and sulfuric acid. Among these compounds, sulfuric acid has the potential to create new aerosols which act as cloud condensation nuclei. Through this interaction with cloud formation, the massive production of atmospheric DMS over the oceans may have a significant impact on the Earth's climate. The CLAW hypothesis suggests that in this manner DMS may play a role in planetary homeostasis.
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