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Demographics of the world


Demographics of the world include population density, ethnicity, education level, health measures, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The overall total population of the world is approximately 7.45 billion, to July 2016.

Its overall population density is 50 people per km² (129.28 per sq. mile), excluding Antarctica. Nearly two-thirds of the population lives in Asia and is predominantly urban and suburban, with more than 2.5 billion in the countries of China and India combined. The World's fairly low literacy rate (83.7%) is attributable to impoverished regions. Extremely low literacy rates are concentrated in three regions, the Arab states, South and West Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism are the four largest religions encompassing a little over 75% of the populace.

The world's largest ethnic group is Han Chinese. Although English (5.52%) is spoken by many as a second language, Mandarin Chinese (14.1%) and Spanish (5.85%) are the languages with the highest number of native speakers.

Human migration has been shifting toward cities and urban centers, with the urban population jumping from 29% in 1950, to 50.5% in 2005. Working backwards from the United Nations prediction that the world will be 51.3 percent urban by 2010, Dr. Ron Wimberley, Dr. Libby Morris and Dr. Gregory Fulkerson estimated May 23, 2007 to be the first time the urban population outnumbered the rural population in history.China and India are the most populous countries, as the birth rate has consistently dropped in developed countries and until recently remained high in developing countries. Tokyo is the largest urban conglomeration in the world.


World Population
Year Million
1500 458
1600 580
1700 682
1750 791
1800 978
1850 1,262
1900 1,650
1950 2,521
1999 5,978
2008 6,707
2014 7,215
Rank City Population Country Statistical concept Area (km²) Density (p/km²)
1 Tokyo 30,000,000  Japan Metropolitan area 13,500 2,716
2 Delhi 22,157,000  India Urban agglomeration 33,578 659
3 São Paulo 20,262,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 8,050 2,517
4 Mumbai 20,041,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,097 18,268
5 Mexico City 19,460,000  Mexico Metropolitan area (zona metropolitana) 7,815 2,490
6 New York City 18,406,000  United States Metropolitan Statistics Area 34,490 534
7 Shanghai 16,575,000  China Urban agglomeration 3,920 4,228
8 Kolkata 15,552,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,026 15,158
9 Dhaka 14,648,000  Bangladesh Metropolitan area (megacity) 1,600 9,155
10 Istanbul 14,160,467  Turkey Metropolitan Municipality 5,461 2,593
Region Number Percentage
Asia
4,307,107,875
60.3%
Africa
1,037,524,058
14.5%
Europe
816,426,346
11.4%
North America
544,620,340
7.6%
South America
400,067,694
5.6%
Oceania
35,426,995
0.5%
Antarctica
1,169
0.00002%
Total
7,141,174,477
100.0%
Religious category Number of followers
(in millions)
Cultural tradition Main regions covered
Christianity 2,000–2,200 Abrahamic religions Predominant in the Western world (Western Europe, the Americas, Oceania), Eastern Europe, Russia, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Philippines, and East Timor in Southeast Asia. Minorities worldwide, see Christianity by country.
Islam 1,300–1,650
Abrahamic religions Middle East, Northern Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, Western Africa, Maritime Southeast Asia with large population centers existing in Eastern Africa, Balkan Peninsula, Russia and China.
No religion 1,100 Secularism, half of those are theistic (but do not fit in with the major religions) Predominant in the Western world, India and East Asia. Minorities worldwide, see Irreligion by country.
Hinduism 828–1,000 Indian religions South Asia, Bali, Mauritius, Fiji, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, and among the overseas Indian communities.
Buddhism 400–1,500

Indian religions South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia and some regions of Russia.
Folk religions 600-3,000 Folk religions Africa, Asia, Americas
Chinese folk religions (including Taoism and Confucianism) 400-1,000

Chinese Religions East Asia, Vietnam, Singapore and Malaysia.
Shinto 27–65 Japanese Religions Japan
Sikhism 24–28
Indian religions Indian subcontinent, Australasia, Northern America, Southeast Asia, the United Kingdom and Western Europe.
Judaism 14–18 Abrahamic religions Israel and the worldwide Jewish diaspora (mostly North America, South America, Europe, and Asia).
Jainism 8–12 Indian religions India, and East Africa.
Bahá'í Faith 7.6–7.9
Abrahamic religions Noted for being dispersed worldwide but the top ten populations (amounting to about 60% of the Bahá'í World Faith adherents) are (in order of size of community) India, United States, Vietnam, Kenya, DR of the Congo, Philippines, Zambia, South Africa, Iran, Bolivia
Cao Đài 1–3 Vietnamese Religions Vietnam.
Cheondoism 3 Korean religions North Korea and South Korea
Tenrikyo 2 Japanese religions Japan, Brazil.
Wicca 1 New religious movements United States, Australia, Europe, Canada.
Church of World Messianity 1 Japanese Religions Japan, Brazil
Seicho-no-Ie 0.8 Japanese religions Japan, Brazil.
Rastafari movement 0.7 New religious movements, Abrahamic religions Jamaica, Caribbean, Africa.
Unitarian Universalism 0.63 New religious movements United States, Canada, Europe.
Trends in annual growth of adherence
1970–1985 1990–2000 2000–2005
2.74%: Islam 2.13%: Islam 1.84%: Islam
3.65%: Bahá'í Faith 2.28%: Bahá'í Faith 1.70%: Bahá'í Faith
2.34%: Hinduism 1.69%: Hinduism 1.57%: Hinduism
1.64%: Christianity 1.36%: Christianity 1.32%: Christianity
1.09%: Judaism 1.87%: Sikhism 1.62%: Sikhism
1.67%: Buddhism 1.09%: Buddhism
2.65%: Zoroastrianism
The annual growth in the world
population over the same period
is 1.41%.
Rank Country Population (thousands)
1990
Population (thousands)
2010
Growth (%)
1990-2010
  World 5,306,425 6,895,889 30.0%
1  China 1,145,195 1,341,335 17.1%
2  India 873,785 1,224,614 40.2%
3  United States 253,339 310,384 22.5%
4  Indonesia 184,346 239,871 30.1%
5  Brazil 149,650 194,946 30.3%
6  Pakistan 111,845 173,593 55.2%
7  Nigeria 97,552 158,423 62.4%
8  Bangladesh 105,256 148,692 41.3%
9  Russia 148,244 142,958 -3.6%
10  Japan 126,536 122,251 -3.5%
World historical and predicted crude birth rates (1950–2050)
UN, medium variant, 2008 rev.
Years CBR Years CBR
1950–1955 37.2 2000–2005 21.2
1955–1960 35.3 2005–2010 20.3
1960–1965 34.9 2010–2015 19.4
1965–1970 33.4 2015–2020 18.2
1970–1975 30.8 2020–2025 16.9
1975–1980 28.4 2025–2030 15.8
1980–1985 27.9 2030–2035 15.0
1985–1990 27.3 2035–2040 14.5
1990–1995 24.7 2040–2045 14.0
1995–2000 22.5 2045–2050 13.4
World historical and predicted crude death rates (1950–2050)
UN, medium variant, 2008 rev.
Years CDR Years CDR
1950–1955 19.5 2000–2005 8.6
1955–1960 17.3 2005–2010 8.5
1960–1965 15.5 2010–2015 8.3
1965–1970 13.2 2015–2020 8.3
1970–1975 11.4 2020–2025 8.3
1975–1980 10.7 2025–2030 8.5
1980–1985 10.3 2030–2035 8.8
1985–1990 9.7 2035–2040 9.2
1990–1995 9.4 2040–2045 9.6
1995–2000 8.9 2045–2050 10
Rank Country Death rate
(annual deaths/1000 persons)
1  Lesotho 14.89
2  Ukraine 14.46
3  Bulgaria 14.44
4  Guinea-Bissau 14.33
5  Latvia 14.31
6  Chad 14.28
7  Lithuania 14.27
8  Namibia 13.91
9  Afghanistan 13.89
10  Central African Republic 13.80
World historical and predicted total fertility rates (1950–2100)
UN, medium variant, 2012 rev.
Years TFR Years TFR Years TFR
1950–1955 4.95 2000–2005 2.60 2050–2055 2.21
1955–1960 4.89 2005–2010 2.53 2055–2060 2.18
1960–1965 4.91 2010–2015 2.50 2060–2065 2.15
1965–1970 4.85 2015–2020 2.45 2065–2070 2.13
1970–1975 4.45 2020–2025 2.41 2070–2075 2.10
1975–1980 3.84 2025–2030 2.37 2075–2080 2.07
1980–1985 3.59 2030–2035 2.34 2080–2085 2.05
1985–1990 3.39 2035–2040 2.31 2085–2090 2.03
1990–1995 3.04 2040–2045 2.27 2090–2095 2.01
1995–2000 2.73 2045–2050 2.24 2095–2100 1.99

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