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Corsica

Corsica
Corse (French)
Region of France
Flag of Corsica
Flag
Coat of arms of Corsica
Coat of arms
Corsica in France 2016.svg
Country  France
Prefecture Ajaccio
Departments
Government
 • President Gilles Simeoni (Regionalist)
Area
 • Total 8,680 km2 (3,350 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 326,898
 • Density 38/km2 (98/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-H
GDP (2012) Ranked 24th
Total €8.17 billion (US$11.43 bn)
Per capita €25,523 (US$35,712)
NUTS Region FR8
Website www.corse.fr
Corsica
Native name: Corsica
Nickname: L’Île de Beauté
The Isle of Beauty
Corse region relief location map.jpg
Topography of Corsica
Corsica is located in France
Corsica
Corsica
Corsica (France)
Geography
Location Mediterranean Sea
Area 8,680 km2 (3,350 sq mi)
Length 184 km (114.3 mi)
Width 83 km (51.6 mi)
Coastline 1,000 km (600 mi)
Highest elevation 2,706 m (8,878 ft)
Highest point Monte Cinto
Administration
France
Région Corsica
Largest settlement Ajaccio (pop. 63,723)
Demographics
Population 322,120 (January 2013)
Pop. density 37 /km2 (96 /sq mi)

Corsica (/ˈkɔːrsɪkə/; French: Corse [kɔʁs]; Corsican and Italian: Corsica [ˈkɔrsika]) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 13 regions of France. It is located west of the Italian Peninsula, southeast of the French mainland, and north of the Italian island of Sardinia. Mountains make up two-thirds of the island, forming a single chain.

While being part of France, Corsica is also designated as a territorial collectivity (collectivité territoriale) by law. As a territorial collectivity, Corsica enjoys a greater degree of autonomy than other French regions; for example, the Corsican Assembly is able to exercise limited executive powers.

The island formed a single department until it was split in 1975 into two departments: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica), with its regional capital in Ajaccio, the prefecture city of Corse-du-Sud. Bastia, the prefecture city of Haute-Corse, is the second-largest settlement in Corsica.


Climate data for Ajaccio, central-western part of island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
13.7
(56.7)
15.0
(59)
17.4
(63.3)
20.9
(69.6)
24.5
(76.1)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
25.4
(77.7)
22.0
(71.6)
17.5
(63.5)
14.4
(57.9)
19.95
(67.91)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
9.0
(48.2)
10.1
(50.2)
12.3
(54.1)
15.7
(60.3)
19.1
(66.4)
21.9
(71.4)
22.1
(71.8)
19.9
(67.8)
16.7
(62.1)
12.6
(54.7)
9.6
(49.3)
14.80
(58.64)
Average low °C (°F) 3.9
(39)
4.3
(39.7)
5.3
(41.5)
7.3
(45.1)
10.6
(51.1)
13.8
(56.8)
16.2
(61.2)
16.5
(61.7)
14.4
(57.9)
11.4
(52.5)
7.7
(45.9)
4.8
(40.6)
9.68
(49.42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73.8
(2.906)
69.7
(2.744)
58.1
(2.287)
52.0
(2.047)
40.2
(1.583)
19.0
(0.748)
11.0
(0.433)
19.9
(0.783)
43.6
(1.717)
87.0
(3.425)
95.9
(3.776)
75.5
(2.972)
645.7
(25.421)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 8.9 8.7 8.3 7.2 5.7 2.8 1.3 2.4 4.3 7.3 8.6 9.1 74.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.3 145.0 189.1 225.0 282.1 321.0 365.8 331.7 264.0 210.8 150.0 127.1 2,744.9
Source: Hong Kong Observatory
Climate data for Bastia, north-eastern part of island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
13.8
(56.8)
15.6
(60.1)
17.8
(64)
22.0
(71.6)
25.8
(78.4)
29.1
(84.4)
29.3
(84.7)
25.8
(78.4)
21.9
(71.4)
17.4
(63.3)
14.5
(58.1)
20.55
(68.97)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
9.4
(48.9)
10.8
(51.4)
12.9
(55.2)
16.3
(61.3)
20.0
(68)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
20.6
(69.1)
17.1
(62.8)
12.9
(55.2)
10.1
(50.2)
15.48
(59.85)
Average low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
4.9
(40.8)
6.7
(44.1)
8.8
(47.8)
12.4
(54.3)
16.0
(60.8)
19.0
(66.2)
19.4
(66.9)
16.5
(61.7)
13.3
(55.9)
9.2
(48.6)
6.3
(43.3)
11.47
(52.63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67
(2.64)
57
(2.24)
60
(2.36)
76
(2.99)
50
(1.97)
41
(1.61)
13
(0.51)
21
(0.83)
81
(3.19)
127
(5)
114
(4.49)
93
(3.66)
800
(31.49)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 134 158 192 214 268 296 345 304 232 176 133 128 2,580
Source: Quid 2004, page 618 and Météo-France, data for 1981–2010

  • Bertarelli, Luigi Vittorio (1929). Corsica. Guida d'Italia (in Italian). Rome: CTI. 
  • Loughlin, John. 1989. "Regionalism and Ethnic Nationalism in France: A Case-study of Corsica". Thesis. San Domenico, Italy: European University Institute.
  • Loughlin, John, and Claude Olivesi (eds.). 1999. Autonomies insulaires: vers une politique de différence pour la Corse. Ajaccio: Editions Albiana.
  • Ravis-Giordani, Georges. 1991. Le Guide de la Corse. Besançon: La Manufacture.
  • Saul, John Ralston. 1992. Voltaire's Bastards: The Dictatorship of Reason in the West. New York: Free Press; Maxwell Macmillan International.
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