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Catalan language

Catalan
Catalan–Valencian–Balearic
català
Pronunciation [kətəˈla] (Eastern) ⁓
[kataˈla] (Western)
Native to Andorra, France, Italy, Spain
Region Spain:
Catalonia (except Aran valley)
Valencian Community (except some interior districts)
Balearic Islands
also spoken in areas of:
Aragon (La Franja)
Murcia (Carxe)
France:
Roussillon
Italy:
Alghero (Sardinia)
Native speakers
4.0 million (2012)
L2 speakers: 5.1 million in Spain (2012)
Early forms
Old Catalan
  • Catalan
Standard forms
Catalan (regulated by the IEC)
Valencian (regulated by the AVL)
Latin (Catalan alphabet)
Catalan Braille
Signed Catalan
Official status
Official language in

Andorra and the following regions of Spain

Catalonia
Balearic Islands
Valencian Community
Recognised minority
language in
Pyrénées-Orientales (in France)

Alghero (in Sardinia in Italy)

Aragon (in Spain)

Regulated by Institut d'Estudis Catalans
Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ca
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Glottolog stan1289
Linguasphere 51-AAA-e
Catalan Countries.svg
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Andorra and the following regions of Spain

Alghero (in Sardinia in Italy)

Aragon (in Spain)

Catalan (/ˈkætəlæn/;autonym: català [kətəˈla] or [kataˈla]) is a Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain and adjoining parts of France. It is the national and only official language of Andorra, and a co-official language of the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and Valencia (where the language is known as Valencian, and there exist regional standards). It also has semi-official status in the commune of Alghero, situated on the northwestern coast of the island of Sardinia (Italy), where a variation of it is spoken. It is also spoken with no official recognition in parts of the Spanish autonomous communities of Aragon (La Franja) and Murcia (Carche), and in the historic region of Roussillon/Northern Catalonia, roughly equivalent to the department of Pyrénées-Orientales in modern France. These territories are commonly called Catalan Countries by the Catalan people (also called Catalan-speaking countries).


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