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California

State of California
Flag of California State seal of California
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Golden State
Motto(s): Eureka
State song(s): "I Love You, California"
Map of the United States with California highlighted
Official language English
Spoken languages

Native languages as of 2007

Demonym Californian
Capital Sacramento
Largest city Los Angeles
Largest metro Greater Los Angeles Area
Area Ranked 3rd
 • Total 163,696 sq mi
(423,970 km2)
 • Width 250 miles (400 km)
 • Length 770 miles (1,240 km)
 • % water 4.7
 • Latitude 32°32′ N to 42° N
 • Longitude 114°8′ W to 124°26′ W
Population Ranked 1st
 • Total 39,250,017 (2016 est)
 • Density 240/sq mi  (92.6/km2)
Ranked 11th
 • Median household income $63,636 (13th)
Elevation
 • Highest point Mount Whitney
14,505 ft (4,421.0 m)
 • Mean 2,900 ft  (880 m)
 • Lowest point Badwater Basin
−279 ft (−85.0 m)
Before statehood California Republic
Admission to Union September 9, 1850 (31st)
Governor Jerry Brown (D)
Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom (D)
Legislature California State Legislature
 • Upper house California State Senate
 • Lower house California State Assembly
U.S. Senators Dianne Feinstein (D)
Kamala Harris (D)
U.S. House delegation 38 Democrats, 14 Republicans (list)
Time zones Pacific Time Zone
 • Standard time PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer time (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ISO 3166 US-CA
Abbreviations CA, Calif., Cal.
Website www.ca.gov
California state symbols
Flag of California.svg
Seal of California.svg
Living insignia
Amphibian California red-legged frog
Bird California quail
Fish Golden trout
Flower California poppy
Grass Purple needlegrass
Insect California dogface butterfly
Mammal California grizzly bear (State animal)
Reptile Desert tortoise
Tree California redwood
Inanimate insignia
Colors Blue & gold
Dance West Coast Swing
Folk dance Square dance
Fossil Sabre-toothed cat
Gemstone Benitoite
Mineral Native gold
Motto Eureka
Nickname The Golden State
Rock Serpentine
Soil San Joaquin
Song "I Love You, California"
Tartan California State Tartan
State route marker
California state route marker
State quarter
California quarter dollar coin
Released in 2005
Lists of United States state symbols

Native languages as of 2007

California (Listeni/ˌkælˈfɔːrnjə, -ni.ə/ KAL-ə-FORN-yə, KAL-ə-FORN-ee-ə) is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western (Pacific Ocean) coast of the U.S., California is bordered by the other U.S. states of Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. The state capital is Sacramento. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second largest after New York City. The state also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County.


Average temperatures and precipitation for selected communities in California
Location August
(°F)
August
(°C)
December
(°F)
December
(°C)
Annual
Precipitation
(mm/in)
Downtown Los Angeles 84/64 29/18 67/47 20/8 377/15
LAX/LA Beaches 75/65 23/18 64/48 18/9 326/13
San Jose 82/58 27/14 58/42 14/5 401/16
San Francisco 68/55 20/12 57/46 14/8 538/21
San Diego 76/66 24/19 64/48 18/9 262/10
Oakland 73/57 23/14 58/44 14/7 588/23
Sacramento 91/58 33/14 54/38 12/3 469/18
Fresno 97/66 36/19 55/38 12/3 292/11
Riverside 96/64 35/18 68/41 21/5 260/10
Eureka 62/53 16/11 55/42 12/5 960/38
Club Sport League
Los Angeles Rams American football National Football League (NFL)
Oakland Raiders American football National Football League
Los Angeles Chargers American football National Football League
San Francisco 49ers American football National Football League
Los Angeles Dodgers Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB)
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Baseball Major League Baseball
Oakland Athletics Baseball Major League Baseball
San Diego Padres Baseball Major League Baseball
San Francisco Giants Baseball Major League Baseball
Golden State Warriors Basketball National Basketball Association (NBA)
Los Angeles Clippers Basketball National Basketball Association
Los Angeles Lakers Basketball National Basketball Association
Sacramento Kings Basketball National Basketball Association
Los Angeles Sparks Basketball Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA)
Anaheim Ducks Ice hockey National Hockey League (NHL)
Los Angeles Kings Ice hockey National Hockey League
San Jose Sharks Ice hockey National Hockey League
Los Angeles Galaxy Soccer Major League Soccer (MLS)
San Jose Earthquakes Soccer Major League Soccer
Los Angeles Football Club Soccer Major League Soccer
California registered voters as of January 5, 2016
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 7,438,655 43.1%
Republican 4,767,259 27.62%
No Party Preference 4,141,860 24%
American Independent 472,019 2.73%
Libertarian 120,578 0.7%
Green 102,688 0.59%
Peace and Freedom 75,579 0.44%
Other 140,775 0.82%
Total 17,259,413 100%
Preceded by
Wisconsin
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on September 9, 1850 (31st)
Succeeded by
Minnesota

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Wikipedia

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