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Berlin

Berlin
State of Germany
Siegessaeule Aussicht 10-13 img4 Tiergarten.jpg
Braniborská brána.jpg Journalists during the Berlin Film Festival in 2008.jpg
East Side Gallery.JPG Alte Nationalgalerie Berlin, 2011.jpg
Reichstag building Berlin view from west before sunset.jpg
Flag of Berlin
Flag
Coat of arms of Berlin
Coat of arms
Location within European Union and Germany
Location within European Union and Germany
Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Country Germany
Government
 • Governing Mayor Michael Müller (politician) (SPD)
 • Governing parties SPD / DIE LINKE / Grüne
 • Bundesrat votes 4 (of 69)
Area
 • City 891.7 km2 (344.3 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Population (2015)
 • City 3,710,156
 • Density 4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 6,004,857
Demonym(s) Berliner (m), Berlinerin (f)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code(s) 10115–14199
Area code(s) 030
ISO 3166 code DE-BE
Vehicle registration B
GDP/ Nominal €124/ $137 billion (2015)
GDP per capita €35,600/ $40,000 (2015)
NUTS Region DE3
Website berlin.de
Registered residents (2014)
Citizenship Population
 Germany 2,988,824
 Turkey 98,659
 Poland 53,304
 Italy 25,250
 Bulgaria 21,393
 Serbia 20,052
 Russia 19,872
 France 17,644
 United States 15,710
 Vietnam 14,825
 Spain 13,767
 Romania 13,695
 United Kingdom 13,456
 Greece 12,491
Other European 107,126
Other Asian 69,999
African Countries 23,918
Other Americas 16,158
Other 16,005

Berlin (/bərˈlɪn/, German: [bɛɐ̯ˈliːn]) is the capital and the largest city of Germany as well as one of its 16 states. With a population of approximately 3.7 million people, Berlin is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany on the banks of rivers Spree and Havel, it is the centre of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has about 6 million residents from more than 180 nations. Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.

First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945).Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city was divided; East Berlin became the capital of East Germany while West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East Germany territory. Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of a unified Germany.


Climate data for Berlin- Tempelhof (1971–2000), extremes (1876– 2015) (Source: DWD)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
18.7
(65.7)
24.8
(76.6)
31.3
(88.3)
35.5
(95.9)
35.9
(96.6)
38.1
(100.6)
38.0
(100.4)
34.2
(93.6)
28.1
(82.6)
20.5
(68.9)
16.0
(60.8)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
4.2
(39.6)
8.5
(47.3)
13.2
(55.8)
18.9
(66)
21.6
(70.9)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
18.8
(65.8)
13.4
(56.1)
7.1
(44.8)
4.4
(39.9)
13.36
(56.05)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.4
(34.5)
4.8
(40.6)
8.9
(48)
14.3
(57.7)
17.1
(62.8)
19.2
(66.6)
18.9
(66)
14.5
(58.1)
9.7
(49.5)
4.7
(40.5)
2.0
(35.6)
9.67
(49.42)
Average low °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.3
(34.3)
4.2
(39.6)
9.0
(48.2)
12.3
(54.1)
14.3
(57.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.6
(51.1)
6.4
(43.5)
2.2
(36)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.88
(42.59)
Record low °C (°F) −23.1
(−9.6)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−16.5
(2.3)
−8.1
(17.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
1.5
(34.7)
5.4
(41.7)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
−9.6
(14.7)
−16.0
(3.2)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−26.0
(−14.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 42.3
(1.665)
33.3
(1.311)
40.5
(1.594)
37.1
(1.461)
53.8
(2.118)
68.7
(2.705)
55.5
(2.185)
58.2
(2.291)
45.1
(1.776)
37.3
(1.469)
43.6
(1.717)
55.3
(2.177)
570.7
(22.469)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.0 8.0 9.1 7.8 8.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.8 7.6 9.6 11.4 101.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 46.5 73.5 120.9 159.0 220.1 222.0 217.0 210.8 156.0 111.6 51.0 37.2 1,625.6
Source: World Meteorological Organization (UN), HKO
System Stations / Lines / Net length Annual Ridership Operator / Notes
S-Bahn 166 / 15 / 327 km (203 mi) 417,000,000 (2015) DB / Mainly overground rapid transit rail system with suburban stops
U-Bahn 173 / 10 / 146 km (91 mi) 507,000,000 (2012) BVG / Mainly underground rail system / 24h-service on weekends
Tram 404 / 22 / 189 km (117 mi) 181,000,000 (2014) BVG / Operates predominantly in eastern boroughs
Bus 3227 / 151 / 1,626 km (1,010 mi) 405,000,000 (2014) BVG / Extensive services in all boroughs / 62 Night Lines
Ferry 5 lines BVG / All modes of transport can be accessed with a single ticket
Club Sport Founded League Venue
Hertha BSC Football 1892 Bundesliga Olympiastadion
1. FC Union Berlin Football 1966 2. Bundesliga Stadion An der Alten Försterei
ALBA Berlin Basketball 1991 BBL Mercedes-Benz Arena
Eisbären Berlin Ice hockey 1954 DEL Mercedes-Benz Arena
Füchse Berlin Handball 1891 HBL Max-Schmeling-Halle

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Wikipedia

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