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Beet greens

Beetroot
Detroitdarkredbeets.png
Beetroot
Species Beta vulgaris
Subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
Cultivar group 'Conditiva' group
Origin Sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima)
Cultivar group members Many; see text.
Beetroots, cooked
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 180 kJ (43 kcal)
9.96 g
Sugars 7.96 g
Dietary fiber 2.0 g
0.18 g
1.68 g
Vitamins
Vitamin A equiv.
(0%)
2 μg
Thiamine (B1)
(3%)
0.031 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(2%)
0.027 mg
Niacin (B3)
(2%)
0.331 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
(3%)
0.145 mg
Vitamin B6
(5%)
0.067 mg
Folate (B9)
(20%)
80 μg
Vitamin C
(4%)
3.6 mg
Minerals
Calcium
(2%)
16 mg
Iron
(6%)
0.79 mg
Magnesium
(6%)
23 mg
Manganese
(14%)
0.3 mg
Phosphorus
(5%)
38 mg
Potassium
(6%)
305 mg
Sodium
(5%)
77 mg
Zinc
(4%)
0.35 mg
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

The beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant, usually known in North America as the beet, also table beet, garden beet, red beet, or golden beet. It is one of several of the cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and their leaves (called beet greens). These varieties have been classified as B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Conditiva Group.

Other than as a food, beets have use as a food colouring and as a medicinal plant. Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet.

Usually the deep purple roots of beetroot are eaten boiled, roasted or raw, and either alone or combined with any salad vegetable. A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilized beets or into pickles. In Eastern Europe, beet soup, such as borscht, is a popular dish. In Indian cuisine, chopped, cooked, spiced beet is a common side dish. Yellow-coloured beetroots are grown on a very small scale for home consumption.

The green, leafy portion of the beet is also edible. The young leaves can be added raw to salads, whilst the adult leaves are most commonly served boiled or steamed, in which case they have a taste and texture similar to spinach. Those greens selected should be from bulbs that are unmarked, instead of those with overly limp leaves or wrinkled skins, both of which are signs of dehydration. The domestication of beets can be traced to the emergence of an allele which enables biennial harvesting of leaves and taproot.

Beetroot can be boiled or steamed, peeled and then eaten warm with or without butter as a delicacy; cooked, pickled, and then eaten cold as a condiment; or peeled, shredded raw, and then eaten as a salad. Pickled beets are a traditional food in many countries.

A traditional Pennsylvania Dutch dish is pickled beet egg. Hard-boiled eggs are refrigerated in the liquid left over from pickling beets and allowed to marinate until the eggs turn a deep pink-red colour.



  • 'Albino', heirloom (white root)
  • 'Bull's Blood', heirloom
  • 'Chioggia', heirloom (distinct red and white zoned root)
  • 'Crosby's Egyptian', heirloom
  • 'Cylindra' / 'Formanova', heirloom (elongated root)
  • 'Detroit Dark Red Medium Top', heirloom
  • 'Early Wonder', heirloom
  • 'Golden Beet' / 'Burpee's Golden', heirloom (yellow root)
  • 'Perfected Detroit', 1934 AAS winner
  • 'Red Ace' Hybrid
  • 'Ruby Queen', 1957 AAS winner
  • 'Touchstone Gold' (yellow root)
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Wikipedia

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