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Azores

Azores (Açores)
Autonomous Region (Região Autónoma)
Açores 2010-07-19 (5047589237).jpg
Mount Pico and the green landscape, emblematic of the archipelago of the Azores
Official name: Região Autónoma dos Açores
Name origin: açor, Portuguese for species of raptor, erroneously identified as goshawks; also derivation from the word for blue
Motto: Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos
(English: "Rather die as free men than be enslaved in peace")
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Region Atlantic Ocean
Subregion Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Position Azores Platform
Islands Corvo, Faial, Flores, Graciosa, Pico, São Jorge, São Miguel, Santa Maria, Terceira
Municipalities Angra do Heroísmo, Horta, Lagoa, Lajes das Flores, Lajes do Pico, Madalena, Nordeste, Povoação, Praia da Vitória, Ponta Delgada, Ribeira Grande, Santa Cruz da Graciosa, Santa Cruz das Flores, São Roque, Vila do Corvo, Vila do Porto, Vila Franca do Campo
Capital Ponta Delgada
Largest city Ponta Delgada
 - center São José
 - elevation 22 m (72 ft)
 - coordinates 37°44′28″N 25°40′32″W / 37.74111°N 25.67556°W / 37.74111; -25.67556Coordinates: 37°44′28″N 25°40′32″W / 37.74111°N 25.67556°W / 37.74111; -25.67556
Highest point Mount Pico
 - elevation 2,351 m (7,713 ft)
 - coordinates 38°28′19″N 28°51′50″W / 38.47194°N 28.86389°W / 38.47194; -28.86389
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 2,333 km2 (901 sq mi)
Population 245,746 (2012) Census 2011
Density 105.87/km2 (274/sq mi)
Settlement 15 August 1432
 - Administrative autonomy c. 1895
 - Political autonomy 4 September 1976
Discovery c. 1427
 - Santa Maria c. 1427
 - São Miguel c. 1428
Management
 - location Assembleia Regional, Rua Marcelino Lima, Horta, Faial
 - elevation 46 m (151 ft)
 - coordinates 38°32′6″N 28°37′51″W / 38.53500°N 28.63083°W / 38.53500; -28.63083
Government
 - location Palácio de Santana, Rua José Jácome Correia, Ponta Delgada, São Miguel
 - elevation 60 m (197 ft)
 - coordinates 37°44′52″N 25°40′19″W / 37.74778°N 25.67194°W / 37.74778; -25.67194
President (Government) Vasco Cordeiro (PS)
 - President (Assembleia) Ana Luís (PS)
Timezone AZOT (UTC−1)
 - summer (DST) AZOST (UTC)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-20
Postal code 9XXX-XXX
Area code (+351) 29X XX XX XX
ccTLD .pt
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drive right-side
Demonym Azorean
Patron Saint Espírito Santo
Holiday 51st day (Monday) following Easter (Dia da Região Autónoma dos Açores)
Anthem A Portuguesa (national)
Hino dos Açores (regional)
Currency Euro (€)
GDP (nominal) 2013
- Total € 3,694 million
- Per capita € 14,900
Location of the Azores relative to Portugal (green) and the rest of the European Union (dark blue)
Distribution of the islands of the archipelago
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística
Website: www.azores.gov.pt
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

The Azores (/əˈzɔərz/ ə-ZOHRZ or /ˈzɔərz/ AY-zohrz; Portuguese: Açores, [ɐˈsoɾɨʃ]), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal, an archipelago composed of nine volcanic islands in the North Atlantic Ocean about 1,360 km (850 mi) west of continental Portugal, about 880 km (550 mi) northwest of Madeira, and about 1,925 km (1,196 mi) southeast of Newfoundland.

Its main industries are agriculture, dairy farming (for cheese and butter products primarily), livestock ranching, fishing, and tourism, which is becoming the major service activity in the region. In addition, the government of the Azores employs a large percentage of the population directly or indirectly in the service and tertiary sectors. The main settlement of the Azores is Ponta Delgada.


Surface areas of the islands of the archipelago
Island Area
km2 sq mi
São Miguel 759 293
Pico 446 172
Terceira 403 156
São Jorge 246 95
Faial 173 67
Flores 143 55
Santa Maria 97 37
Graciosa 62 24
Corvo 17 7
Climate data for Ponta Delgada
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
20.4
(68.7)
22.8
(73)
22.6
(72.7)
23.2
(73.8)
25.6
(78.1)
28.2
(82.8)
28.8
(83.8)
28.6
(83.5)
26.2
(79.2)
25.5
(77.9)
22.6
(72.7)
28.8
(83.8)
Average high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
17.0
(62.6)
17.7
(63.9)
19.1
(66.4)
21.4
(70.5)
23.9
(75)
25.3
(77.5)
24.3
(75.7)
21.9
(71.4)
19.4
(66.9)
17.8
(64)
20.1
(68.2)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
11.5
(52.7)
12.0
(53.6)
12.3
(54.1)
13.6
(56.5)
15.8
(60.4)
17.8
(64)
19.0
(66.2)
18.4
(65.1)
16.5
(61.7)
14.3
(57.7)
12.9
(55.2)
14.7
(58.5)
Record low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
3.7
(38.7)
4.2
(39.6)
5.5
(41.9)
6.6
(43.9)
8.3
(46.9)
12.0
(53.6)
13.0
(55.4)
12.2
(54)
10.4
(50.7)
7.6
(45.7)
6.2
(43.2)
3.7
(38.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 96.9
(3.815)
84.0
(3.307)
87.7
(3.453)
76.7
(3.02)
72.0
(2.835)
39.6
(1.559)
26.6
(1.047)
46.1
(1.815)
91.9
(3.618)
108.5
(4.272)
108.7
(4.28)
146.9
(5.783)
985.6
(38.804)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 97 103 120 141 174 163 208 213 175 142 109 93 1,738
Source #1: Instituto de Meteorologia
Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)
Island Group Population Local Administrative Units Main Settlement
2011 % Total No Municipalities (Concelho)
São Miguel Eastern 137,830 55.86 6 Lagoa, Nordeste, Ponta Delgada, Povoação, Ribeira Grande, Vila Franca do Campo Ponta Delgada
Terceira Central 56,437 22.87 2 Angra do Heroísmo, Praia da Vitória Angra do Heroísmo
Faial Central 14,994 6.08 1 Horta Horta
Pico Central 14,148 5.73 3 Lajes do Pico, Madalena, São Roque do Pico São Roque do Pico
São Jorge Central 9,171 3.72 2 Calheta, Velas Velas
Santa Maria Eastern 5,552 2.25 1 Vila do Porto Vila do Porto
Graciosa Central 4,391 1.78 1 Santa Cruz da Graciosa Santa Cruz da Graciosa
Flores Western 3,793 1.54 2 Lajes das Flores, Santa Cruz das Flores Santa Cruz das Flores
Corvo Western 430 0.17 1 Vila do Corvo Vila do Corvo
Total 246,746 19

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