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Arica, Chile

Arica
City and Commune
Montaje de Arica.jpg
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of Arica and Parinacota Region
Map of Arica and Parinacota Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Arica
Location in Chile
Nickname(s): "City of the eternal spring"
Coordinates (city): 18°29′S 70°20′W / 18.483°S 70.333°W / -18.483; -70.333Coordinates: 18°29′S 70°20′W / 18.483°S 70.333°W / -18.483; -70.333
Country  Chile
Region  Arica y Parinacota
Province Arica
Founded 1541
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Salvador Urrutia (PRO)
Area
 • Total 4,799.4 km2 (1,853.1 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 210,216
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Urban 175,441
 • Rural 9,827
Demonym(s) Arican
Sex
 • Male 91,742
 • Female 93,526
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code 1000000
Area code(s) +56 58
Climate BWh
Website Official website (Spanish)

Arica (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈɾika]; English /əˈrkə/ uh-REE-kuh) is a commune and a port city with a population of 196,590 in the Arica Province of northern Chile's Arica y Parinacota Region. It is Chile's northernmost city, being located only 18 km (11 mi) south of the border with Peru. The city is the capital of both the Arica Province and the Arica and Parinacota Region. Arica is located at the bend of South America's western coast known as the Arica Bend or Arica Elbow. At the location of the city two lush valleys that dissect the Atacama Desert converge: Azapa and Lluta. These valleys provides fruit for export.

Arica is an important port for a large inland region of South America. The city serves a free port for Bolivia and manages a substantial part of that country's trade. In addition it is the end station of the Bolivian oil pipeline beginning in Oruro. The city's strategic position is enhanced by being next to the Pan-American Highway, being connected to both Tacna in Peru and La Paz in Bolivia by railroad and being served by an international airport.


Census districts of the Arica commune
# District Area (km2) 2002
Population
1 Puerto 1.2 2,744
2 Regiment 0.7 3,880
3 Chinchorro 13.3 12,816
4 San José 1.2 13,216
5 Población Chile 17.3 9,086
6 Azapa 1,937.8 14,991
7 José Manuel Balmaceda 2.7 11,984
8 Carlos Dittborn 2.1 10,525
9 Lauca Park 0.4 4,934
10 José Miguel Carrera 0.6 5,836
11 Condell 0.5 6,358
12 Strong Citadel 215.9 28,209
13 Chaca 794.0 223
14 El Morro 0.9 3,286
15 Chacalluta 419.3 1,684
16 Molinos 1,376.0 649
17 Pedro Blanqui 7.3 25,131
18 Cancharayada 5.3 17,530
19 Las Torres 2.9 11,878
stragglers 308
Total 4,799.4 185,268
Climate data for Arica (1970–2000, extremes 1961–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
31.2
(88.2)
28.8
(83.8)
26.6
(79.9)
25.9
(78.6)
24.0
(75.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.2
(73.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
29.0
(84.2)
31.5
(88.7)
Average high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
23.6
(74.5)
21.4
(70.5)
19.4
(66.9)
18.3
(64.9)
18.3
(64.9)
19.0
(66.2)
20.4
(68.7)
22.2
(72)
24.1
(75.4)
22.0
(71.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
23.0
(73.4)
22.1
(71.8)
20.2
(68.4)
18.3
(64.9)
17.0
(62.6)
16.1
(61)
16.1
(61)
16.7
(62.1)
17.8
(64)
19.4
(66.9)
21.1
(70)
19.2
(66.6)
Average low °C (°F) 19.8
(67.6)
19.8
(67.6)
18.9
(66)
17.1
(62.8)
15.5
(59.9)
14.8
(58.6)
14.3
(57.7)
14.5
(58.1)
15.0
(59)
15.8
(60.4)
16.9
(62.4)
18.2
(64.8)
16.7
(62.1)
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
14.6
(58.3)
12.4
(54.3)
10.2
(50.4)
6.8
(44.2)
5.8
(42.4)
6.2
(43.2)
6.2
(43.2)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
9.9
(49.8)
7.0
(44.6)
5.8
(42.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.3
(0.012)
0.2
(0.008)
0.2
(0.008)
0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
0.2
(0.008)
0.1
(0.004)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
1.5
(0.06)
Average precipitation days 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0 0 0.1 2
Average relative humidity (%) 72 72 72 74 76 77 77 77 77 75 73 72 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.5 240.1 269.7 219.0 192.2 144.0 120.9 120.9 156.0 201.5 228.0 251.1 2,406.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.5 8.5 8.7 7.3 6.2 4.8 3.9 3.9 5.2 6.5 7.6 8.1 6.6
Source #1: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile, Universidad de Chile (sunshine hours only)
Source #2: Latin American Climate Assessment & Dataset (extremes 1961–2010),[1]

  • Chungará Lake: Arica is the main access road to the lake, the 29th highest in the world (and the 10th highest in South America)[2], with an approximate height of 4517 metres. It is located within the Lauca National Park.
  • Pucará de Copaquilla: about 3,000 metres above sea level, dates from the 12th century, declared National Monument, located on a promontory that serves as the defence has a double stone wall, which protects a series of internal spaces. From this point it is possible to observe the pre-and streams.
  • Termas de Jurasi a few miles southeast of Putre, by Ruta 11-CH, turning off a dirt road. Underground waters are home to temperatures above 40 °C (104 °F) which are reputed to have medicinal properties.
  • Surf Arica is a world-famous spot for surfing. The wave known as "El Gringo" hosts surfing and bodyboarding world championships every year. In 2007, Arica was the site for an ASP world tour contest. Others stops on this tour include Hawaii, Tahiti, Fiji and South Africa.
...
Wikipedia

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