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American west

Western United States
Region
American West or Far West and the West
Regional definitions vary from source to source. This map reflects the Western United States as defined by the Census Bureau. In turn, this region is sub-divided into Mountain and Pacific areas.[1]
Regional definitions vary from source to source. This map reflects the Western United States as defined by the Census Bureau. In turn, this region is sub-divided into Mountain and Pacific areas.
Country  United States
States  Alaska
 Arizona
 California
 Colorado
 Hawaii
 Idaho
 Montana
 Nevada
 New Mexico
 Oregon
 Utah
 Washington
 Wyoming

The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West, the Far West, or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States. Because European settlement in the U.S. expanded westward after its founding, the meaning of the West has evolved over time. Prior to about 1800, the crest of the Appalachian Mountains was seen as the western frontier.

Since then, the frontier generally moved westward and eventually lands west of the Mississippi River came to be referred to as the West. Though no consensus exists, even among experts, for the definition of the West as a region, the U.S. Census Bureau's definition of the 13 westernmost states includes the Rocky Mountains and the Great Basin to the West Coast, and the outlying states of Hawaii and Alaska.

The West contains several major biomes. It is known for arid to semi-arid plateaus and plains, particularly in the American Southwestforested mountains, including the major ranges of the American Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains – the massive coastal shoreline of the American Pacific Coast - and the rainforests of the Pacific Northwest.


Rank
(West)
Rank
(USA)
MSA Population State(s)    
1 2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim MSA 13,340,068 California Los Angeles skyline
2 11 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward MSA 4,656,132 California San Francisco cityscape
3 12 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale MSA 4,574,531 Arizona Phoenix cityscape
4 13 San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario MSA 4,489,159 California San Bernardino skyline
5 15 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue MSA 3,733,580 Washington Seattle skyline
6 17 San Diego-Carlsbad MSA 3,299,521 California Downtown San Diego
7 19 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood MSA 2,814,330 Colorado Downtown Denver
8 23 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro MSA 2,389,228 Oregon
Washington
Portland, Oregon, from the east
9 27 Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade MSA 2,274,194 California The Sacramento Riverfront
10 29 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise MSA 2,114,801 Nevada The Las Vegas Strip
11 35 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara MSA 1,976,836 California Downtown San Jose
12 48 Salt Lake City MSA 1,170,266 Utah Salt Lake City
13 53 Tucson MSA 1,010,025 Arizona Tucson, Arizona
14 54 Honolulu MSA 998,714 Hawaii Downtown Honolulu
15 56 Fresno MSA 974,861 California Downtown Fresno
16 60 Albuquerque MSA 907,301 New Mexico Downtown Albuquerque
17 61 Bakersfield-Delano MSA 882,176 California Downtown Bakersfield
18 66 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura MSA 850,536 California Aerial view of Ventura
19 77 -Lodi MSA 726,106 California The University of the Pacific in Stockton
20 80 Colorado Springs MSA 697,856 Colorado Downtown Colorado Springs
21 81 Boise City MSA 676,909 Idaho Idaho State Capitol building in Boise
22 86 Ogden-Clearfield MSA 642,850 Utah Downtown Ogden
23 93 Provo-Orem MSA 585,799 Utah Panoramic View of Provo and Utah Valley after Sunset from the Y Mountain Trailhead
24 100 Spokane-Spokane Valley MSA 547,824 Washington Downtown Spokane
25 102 Modesto MSA 538,388 California The Modesto Arch
26 106 Santa Rosa MSA 502,146 California Old Courthouse Square in Downtown Santa Rosa

Mountain States 
Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and Nevada
Pacific States 
Washington, Oregon, California, Alaska, and Hawaii
  • Beck, Warren A., Haase, Ynez D.; Historical Atlas of the American West. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.
  • Everett, Derek R. Creating the American West: Boundaries and Borderlands. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2014.
  • Lamar, Howard. The New Encyclopedia of the American West. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.
  • Milner II, Clyde A; O'Connor, Carol A.; Sandweiss, Martha A. The Oxford History of the American West. Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Phillips, Charles; Axlerod, Alan; editor. The Encyclopedia of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.
  • Pomeroy, Earl. The American Far West in the Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.
  • Turner, Frederick Jackson. Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner: 'The Significance of the Frontier in American History' and Other Essays. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.
  • White, Richard. "It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own": A New History of the American West. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.
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Wikipedia

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