Don't miss the piglix.com special BONUS offer during our Beta-test period. The next 100 new Registered Users (from a unique IP address), to post at least five (5) piglix, will receive 1,000 extra sign-up points (eventually exchangeable for crypto-currency)!

* * * * *    Free piglix.com Launch Promotions    * * * * *

  • Free Ads! if you are a small business with annual revenues of less than $1M - piglix.com will place your ads free of charge for up to one year! ... read more

  • $2,000 in free prizes! piglix.com is giving away ten (10) Meccano Erector sets, retail at $200 each, that build a motorized Ferris Wheel (or one of 22 other models) ... see details

Alliin

Alliin
Alliin skeletal view
Alliin ball view
Names
IUPAC name
(2R)-2-amino-3-[(S)-prop-2-enylsulfinyl]propanoic acid
Other names
3-(2-Propenylsulfinyl)alanine
(S)-3-(2-Propenylsulfinyl)-L-alanine
3-((S)-Allylsulfinyl)-L-alanine
S-Allyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide
Identifiers
556-27-4 N
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
Interactive image
ChEBI CHEBI:2596 N
ChEMBL ChEMBL464166 N
ChemSpider 7850537 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.008.291
Properties
C6H11NO3S
Molar mass 177.22 g/mol
Appearance White to off white crystalline powder
Melting point 163–165 °C (325–329 °F)
Soluble
Hazards
Safety data sheet External MSDS
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola oil Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N  (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Alliin /ˈæli.ɪn/ is a sulfoxide that is a natural constituent of fresh garlic. It is a derivative of the amino acid cysteine. When fresh garlic is chopped or crushed, the enzyme alliinase converts alliin into allicin, which is responsible for the aroma of fresh garlic. Garlic has been used since antiquity as a therapeutic remedy for certain conditions now associated with oxygen toxicity, and, when this was investigated, garlic did indeed show strong antioxidant and hydroxyl radical-scavenging properties, it is presumed owing to the alliin contained within.

Alliin has been found to affect immune responses in blood.

Alliin was the first natural product found to have both carbon- and sulfur-centered stereochemistry.

The first reported synthesis, by Stoll and Seebeck in 1951, begins the alkylation of L-cysteine with allyl bromide to form deoxyalliin. Oxidation of this sulfide with hydrogen peroxide gives both diastereomers of L-alliin, differing in the orientation of the oxygen atom on the sulfur stereocenter.

A newer route, reported by Koch and Keusgen in 1998, allows stereospecific oxidation using conditions similar to the Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation. The chiral catalyst is produced from diethyl tartrate and titanium isopropoxide.



...
Wikipedia

1,000 EXTRA POINTS!

Don't forget! that as one of our early users, you are eligible to receive the 1,000 point bonus as soon as you have created five (5) acceptable piglix.

...