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1882 Anglo-Egyptian War

Anglo-Egyptian War (1882)
Part of the Urabi Revolt
Anglo-egyptian war.jpg
Date July–September 1882
Location Egypt
Result British victory; ‘Urabi sentenced to death (later commuted to exile)
Territorial
changes
British occupation of Egypt
Belligerents

Co-belligerent(s):

Egyptian and Sudanese forces under Ahmed ‘Urabi
Commanders and leaders
Strength
40,560 regulars Unconfirmed number of regulars

Co-belligerent(s):

The Anglo-Egyptian War (Arabic: الاحتلال البريطاني لمصر‎‎ al-āḥalāl al-Brīṭānnī al-Miṣr) occurred in 1882 between Egyptian and Sudanese forces under Ahmed ‘Urabi and the United Kingdom. It ended a nationalist uprising against the Khedive Tewfik Pasha and vastly expanded British influence over the country, at the expense of the French.

In 1878, an Egyptian army officer, Ahmed ‘Urabi (then known in English as Arabi Pasha), mutinied and initiated a coup against Tewfik Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan, because of grievances over disparities in pay between Egyptians and Europeans, as well as other concerns. In January 1882 the British and French governments sent a "Joint Note" to the Egyptian government, declaring their recognition of the Khedive's authority. On 20 May 1882, British and French warships arrived off the coast of Alexandria. On 11 June 1882, an anti-Christian riot occurred in Alexandria that killed 50 Europeans. Colonel ‘Urabi ordered his forces to put down the riot, but Europeans fled the city and ‘Urabi's army began fortifying the town. The French flotilla demurred from direct hostilities but, an ultimatum to cease the arming of the town having been refused, the British warships began a 10½-hour bombardment of Alexandria on 11 July 1882.

The reasons why the British government sent a fleet of ships to the coast of Alexandria is a point of historical debate, as there is no definitive information available.

In their 1961 essay Africa and the Victorians, Ronald Robinson and John Gallagher argue that the British invasion was ordered in order to quell the perceived anarchy of the ‘Urabi Revolt, as well to protect British control over the Suez Canal in order to maintain its shipping route to the Indian Ocean.



Order of battle of the British Expeditionary Force
  • 19th Hussars (2 Sqns)
  • 2nd Battalion, Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry
  • A Battery, 1st Field Brigade, Royal Artillery
  • D Battery, 1st Field Brigade, Royal Artillery
  • 24 Field Company, Royal Engineers
  • 12 Company, Army Commissariat and Transport Corps
  • 1 Bearer Company, Army Hospital Corps (Half)
  • 3 Field Hospital, Army Hospital Corps
  • 19th Hussars (2 Sqns)
  • 3rd Battalion, The King’s Royal Rifle Corps
  • I Battery, 2nd Field Brigade, Royal Artillery
  • N Battery, 2nd Field Brigade, Royal Artillery
  • 26 Field Company, Royal Engineers
  • 11 Company, Army Commissariat and Transport Corps
  • 2 Bearer Company, Army Hospital Corps (Half)
  • 4 Field Hospital, Army Hospital Corps
  • 5 Field Hospital, Army Hospital Corps
  • Naval Brigade
  • Battalion, Royal Marine Light Infantry
  • G Battery, B Horse Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery
  • F Battery, 1st Field Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
  • H Battery, 1st Field Brigade, RFA
  • C Battery, 3rd Field Brigade, RFA
  • J Battery, 3rd Field Brigade, RFA
  • T Battery, 3rd Field Brigade, RFA
  • Royal Marine Artillery
  • 1 Battery, London Division, Royal Garrison Artillery
  • 4 Battery, London Division, RGA
  • 5 Battery, London Division, RGA
  • 5 Battery, Scottish Division, RGA
  • 6 Battery, Scottish Division, RGA
  • A (Bridging) Troop, Royal Engineers
  • C (Telegraph) Troop, RE
  • Railway Troop, RE
  • 8 Field Company, RE
  • 17 Field Company, RE
  • 18 Field Company, RE
  • A Company, Queen’s Own Madras Sappers and Miners
  • I Company, QOMS&M
  • 8 Company, Army Commissariat and Transport Corps
  • 15 Company, ACT Corps
  • Auxiliary Company, ACT Corps
  • 2 Bearer Company, Army Hospital Corps
  • 1 Field Hospital, AHC
  • 3 Field Hospital, AHC
  • 7 Field Hospital, AHC
  • 8 Field Hospital, AHC
  • Army Post Office Corps (M Company 49th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers)
...
Wikipedia

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